Nutrition, hydration and ergogenic aids strategies in ultraendurance mountain events.

@article{BelinchndeMiguel2019NutritionHA,
  title={Nutrition, hydration and ergogenic aids strategies in ultraendurance mountain events.},
  author={Pedro Belinch{\'o}n-deMiguel and V. Clemente-Su{\'a}rez},
  journal={The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness},
  year={2019},
  volume={59 5},
  pages={
          791-797
        }
}
BACKGROUND The purpose of the present research was to analyze nutrition, hydration and ergogenic aids strategies in ultraendurance mountain events. METHODS A total of 386 ultraendurance mountain races finishers were analyzed. They were divided into three groups according to their race distance: G1, distance less than 45 km (N.=250); G2, distances between 45 and 90 km (N.=71); G3, distances longer than 90 km (N.=65). The ergogenic, nutritional and hydration strategies were quantified after… Expand
Predictors of Athlete’s Performance in Ultra-Endurance Mountain Races
TLDR
In longer distance races, experience, a larger volume of training, and better hydration/nutrition prior to the competition were associated with better performance, and a larger fluid intake before the competition was the single best predictor of performance. Expand
Multidisciplinary Analysis of Differences Between Finisher and Non-finisher Ultra-Endurance Mountain Athletes
TLDR
It is found how an ultra-endurance mountain race produced dehydration, a decrease in systolic blood pressure, weight and leg strength muscle values, as well as an increase in heart rate and rate of perceived exertion values. Expand
Nutrition Analysis During Patrouille Des Glaciers – Do Recreational Ski Mountaineers Eat and Drink Adequately ?
  • 2019
The aim of this study was to analyze nutritional behavior of recreational ski mountaineers participating at Patrouille des Glaciers (PDG) the largest ski-mountaineering race of the Alps. To analyzeExpand
Training, Anthropometric, and Physiological Characteristics in Men Recreational Marathon Runners: The Role of Sport Experience
TLDR
It is indicated that long-term marathon training might induce adaptations in endurance performance, body composition, and flexibility, as well as faster personal best marathon time and more weekly training days than novice group. Expand
Psychophysiological Stress Response of a Paralympic Athlete During an Ultra-Endurance Event. A Case Study
TLDR
The Paralympic athletes presented a low psychological inflexibility, high life engagement, strong internal locus of control, a low trait and state anxiety and medium perceived psychological stress, consistent with the expected response during a highly stressful situation and consistent with previous findings in athletes without spinal cord injurie. Expand
Pacing and Performance Analysis of the World’s Fastest Female Ultra-Triathlete in 5x and 10x Ironman
TLDR
The world’s best female ultra-Triathlete adopted a steady (even) pacing strategy for both cycling and running, without substantial variations within- or between race days, for both the world record in a Quintuple and a Deca Iron ultra-triathlon. Expand
Evaluation of Central Fatigue by the Critical Flicker Fusion Threshold in Cyclists
TLDR
In conclusion, an incremental cycle ergometer test increased the cortical arousal and does not affect negatively the CNS of professional cyclists. Expand
Modulators of the Personal and Professional Threat Perception of Olympic Athletes in the Actual COVID-19 Crisis
TLDR
The aim of the present research was to analyze the effect of psychological profile, academic schedule, and gender in the perception of personal and professional threat of Olympic and Paralympic athletes facing the 2021 Tokyo Olympiad in the actual COVID-19 crisis. Expand
Cultural Differences in Stress-Related Psychological, Nutrition, Physical Activity and Oral Health Factors of Professors
TLDR
There were cultural differences between Spanish and Latin American professors, and Spanish professors showed significantly higher burnout levels, teaching stress, perceived stress, and neuroticism than Latin American professor, and several differences were also found around health behaviours. Expand
Number of finishers and performance of age group women and men in long-distance running: comparison among 10km, half-marathon and marathon races in Oslo
TLDR
It was concluded that relatively more women finished a 10 km and less a half-marathon and a marathon in Oslo from 2008 to 2018, indicating that the sex difference in performance was attenuated in the longer race distances and older age groups. Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 32 REFERENCES
Nutrient intake and performance during a mountain marathon: an observational study
TLDR
Body composition and race experience were correlated with performance, but not nutrient intake, and non-compliance with intake recommendations requires additional experimental research on the impact of nutrient intake on field performance. Expand
Hydration Strategies, Weight Change and Performance in a 161 km Ultramarathon
TLDR
It is concluded that weight loss greater than 2% does not necessarily have adverse consequences on performance, and use of sodium supplements or drinking beyond thirst is not required to maintain hydration during ultra-endurance events with high thermal stress. Expand
Nutritional intake and gastrointestinal problems during competitive endurance events.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that CHO intake rates vary greatly between events and individual athletes (6-136 g·h(-1)). Expand
Psychophysiological response and energy balance during a 14-h ultraendurance mountain running event.
  • V. Clemente-Suárez
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme
  • 2015
TLDR
The energy balance data obtained in this research may improve nutritional intake strategies and be used by coaches as a reference parameter of heart rate, heart rate variability, rating of perceived exertion, and lactate concentration to develop specific training programs. Expand
The biochemistry of runners in a 1600 km ultramarathon.
TLDR
A wide range of biochemical perturbations occur during ultramarathon running but a number of variables remain within normal limits despite severe physical stress. Expand
Food and fluid intake and disturbances in gastrointestinal and mental function during an ultramarathon.
TLDR
Although intake did not match energy expenditure, it may represent the upper limit for absorption during exercise, and very high food and/or fluid intake appears to lead to perturbed mental status. Expand
The role of dietary macronutrients in optimizing endurance performance.
TLDR
Evidence that CHO and protein intake in the postexercise period aid in protein synthesis and restoration of muscle glycogen stores is evaluated, and athletes and their advisors must be prepared to try various nutritional strategies in order to optimize both performance and training. Expand
Physiological effects of an ultra-cycle ride in an amateur athlete - a case report.
TLDR
The exercise intensity of ultraendurance cycling and its physiological impacts on various organ functions in an amateur cyclist performing the Ötztal Radmarathon twice en bloque in a circuit of 2 identical laps is described. Expand
Factors related to successful completion of a 161-km ultramarathon.
TLDR
It is concluded that primary performance-limiting issues in 161-km ultramarathons include nausea and/or vomiting, blisters, and muscle pain, and there is a disturbingly high use of NSAIDs in these events. Expand
Nutrition update for the ultraendurance athlete.
TLDR
The use of caffeine and sodium ingestion while racing is common with ultraendurance athletes, but more research is needed on their effect on performance. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...