Numerical simulation of three-dimensional heat transfer and plastic flow during friction stir welding

@article{Nandan2006NumericalSO,
  title={Numerical simulation of three-dimensional heat transfer and plastic flow during friction stir welding},
  author={R. Nandan and Gour Gopal Roy and T. DebRoy},
  journal={Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A},
  year={2006},
  volume={37},
  pages={1247-1259}
}
Three-dimensional visco-plastic flow of metals and the temperature fields in friction stir welding have been modeled based on the previous work on thermomechanical processing of metals. The equations of conservation of mass, momentum, and energy were solved in three dimensions using spatially variable thermophysical properties and non-Newtonian viscosity. The framework for the numerical solution of fluid flow and heat transfer was adapted from decades of previous work in fusion welding. Non… Expand
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