Numerical Study of Entropy Generation in a Flowing Nanofluid Used in Micro- and Minichannels

Abstract

This article mainly concerns theoretical research on entropy generation influences due to heat transfer and flow in nanofluid suspensions. A conventional nanofluid of alumina-water (Al2O3-H2O) was considered as the fluid model. Due to the sensitivity of entropy to duct diameter, miniand microchannels with diameters of 3 mm and 0.05 mm were considered, and a laminar flow regime was assumed. The conductivity and viscosity of two different nanofluid models were examined with the help of theoretical and experimentally determined parameter values. It was shown that order of the magnitude analysis can be used for estimating entropy generation characteristics of nanofluids in miniand microchannels. It was found that using highly viscous alumina-water nanofluid under laminar flow regime in microchannels was not desirable. Thus, there is a need for the development of low viscosity alumina-water (Al2O3-H2O) nanofluids for use in microchannels under laminar flow condition. On the other hand, Al2O3-H2O nanofluid was a superior coolant under laminar flow regime in minichannels. The presented results also indicate that flow friction and thermal irreversibility are, respectively, more significant at lower and higher tube diameters. OPEN ACCESS

DOI: 10.3390/e15010144

Extracted Key Phrases

11 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@article{Hassan2013NumericalSO, title={Numerical Study of Entropy Generation in a Flowing Nanofluid Used in Micro- and Minichannels}, author={Mohammadreza Hassan and Rad Sadri and Goodarz Ahmadi and Mahidzal B. Dahari and Salim N. Kazi and Mohammad Reza Safaei and Emad Sadeghinezhad}, journal={Entropy}, year={2013}, volume={15}, pages={144-155} }