Numerical Simulation of the 1969 Portuguese Tsunami by a Finite Element Method

  title={Numerical Simulation of the 1969 Portuguese Tsunami by a Finite Element Method},
  author={M. Guesmia and Philippe Heinrich and Christian Mariotti},
  journal={Natural Hazards},
On 28 February 1969, the coasts of Portugal, Spain and Morocco were affected by sea waves generated by a submarine earthquake (Ms = 7.3) with its epicenter located off Portugal. The propagation of this tsunami has been simulated by a finite element numerical model solving the Boussinesq equations. These equations have been discretized using the finite element Galerkin method and a Crank–Nicholson scheme in time. The model is validated by investigating the propagation of a solitary wave over a… 
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