# Numeral Classifiers and Counting Systems in Polynesian and Micronesian Languages: Common Roots and Cultural Adaptations

@article{Bender2006NumeralCA, title={Numeral Classifiers and Counting Systems in Polynesian and Micronesian Languages: Common Roots and Cultural Adaptations}, author={Andrea Bender and Sieghard Beller}, journal={Oceanic Linguistics}, year={2006}, volume={45}, pages={380 - 403} }

Polynesian and Micronesian languages inherited a decimal number system from Proto-Oceanic, and individually extended it on one or more dimensions: in length by adding terms for larger numbers, in breadth by specifying numeral classifiers for certain objects (prevailing in Micronesia), and in factor by introducing a larger counting unit (prevailing in Polynesia). Specific counting systems are characterized by a combination of these features: They are based on larger counting units…

## 31 Citations

### Numeral Classifiers in Specific Counting Systems: Cultural Context, Linguistic Principles, and Cognitive Implications

- Linguistics
- 2007

Numeral Classifiers in Specific Counting Systems: Cultural Context, Linguistic Principles, and Cognitive Implications Andrea Bender (bender@psychologie.uni-freiburg.de) Sieghard Beller…

### Counting by Tens: Specific Counting in Southeast Solomonic Languages

- Linguistics
- 2018

This paper describes the syntactic behavior of numerically specific nouns and the cultural context in which they were used in Southeast Solomonic languages, and describes the specific counting system and its uses.

### Fanciful or genuine? Bases and high numerals in polynesian number systems

- Linguistics
- 2006

Modern Western cultures are based to a considerable extent on writing and numbers. Indeed, numbers are taken as self-evident, even when they greatly surpass the imagination (the stated deficits of…

### Re-evaluating the ‘numeral classifier’ system in Mochica

- Linguistics, Computer Science
- 2018

This paper reanalyse Mocha, an extinct language of northern Peru, as a special counting system for counting pairs, tens or hundreds of particular items, that exists alongside a standard, decimal numeral system.

### On the Separation and Relatedness of Classifiers, Number, and Individuation in Niuean *

- Linguistics
- 2009

This paper focuses on the role of number in Niuean, an Austronesian language in the Tongic subgroup of the Polynesian family. It is argued that the concepts of individuation, classification, and…

### Number and Counting in Context, Classifications and Large Numbers

- Business
- 2018

This chapter begins the development of the importance of number in Indigenous societies. It takes a number of case studies to illustrate the role of counting in these societies and the influences of…

### Cultural Variation in Numeration Systems and Their Mapping Onto the Mental Number Line

- Psychology
- 2011

The ability to exactly assess large numbers hinges on cultural tools such as counting sequences and thus offers a great opportunity to study how culture interacts with cognition. To obtain a more…

### The Cognitive Advantages of Counting Specifically: A Representational Analysis of Verbal Numeration Systems in Oceanic Languages

- PsychologyTop. Cogn. Sci.
- 2015

Analysis of two types of verbal numeration systems that were in parallel use in several Oceanic languages and indicate that the object-specific systems outperform the general systems with respect to counting and mental arithmetic is indicated.

### The Limits of Counting: Numerical Cognition Between Evolution and Culture

- BiologyScience
- 2008

Object-specific counting sequences in a language can be shown to be cognitively advantageous for calculations without notation because they use larger counting units, thereby abbreviating higher numbers, enhancing the counting process, and extending the limits of counting.

### Mangarevan invention of binary steps for easier calculation

- BiologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 2013

The Mangarevan invention of binary steps, centuries before their formal description by Leibniz, attests to the advancements possible in numeracy even in the absence of notation and thereby highlights the role of culture for the evolution of and diversity in numerical cognition.

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