Numeracy and the Impact of High Food Prices in Industrializing Britain, 1780–1850

  title={Numeracy and the Impact of High Food Prices in Industrializing Britain, 1780–1850},
  author={Jorg Baten and Dorothee Crayen and Hans Joachim Voth},
  journal={Review of Economics and Statistics},
Abstract Using census-based data on the ability to recall one's age, we show that low levels of nutrition impaired numeracy in industrializing England, 1780 to 1850: cognitive ability declined among those born during the Napoleonic wars. The effect was stronger in areas where grain was expensive and relief for the poor, an early form of welfare support was limited. Nutritional shortages had a nonlinear effect on numeracy, with, severe shortages impairing numeracy more. Nutrition during… 
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