Nucleosynthesis yields of core-collapse supernovae and hypernovae, and galactic chemical evolution

  title={Nucleosynthesis yields of core-collapse supernovae and hypernovae, and galactic chemical evolution},
  author={Ken’ichi Nomoto and Nozomu Tominaga and Hideyuki Umeda and Chiaki Kobayashi and Kei-ichi Maeda},
  journal={Nuclear Physics},

Supernova Nucleosynthesis in Population III 13-50 M☉ Stars and Abundance Patterns of Extremely Metal-poor Stars

We perform hydrodynamic and nucleosynthesis calculations of core-collapse supernovae (SNe) and hypernovae (HNe) of Population (Pop) III stars. We provide new yields for the main-sequence mass of MMS

Chemical Yields from Supernovae and Hypernovae

Abstract We review the final stages of stellar evolution, supernova properties, and chemical yields as a function of the progenitor's mass. (1) 8 - 10 M⊙ stars are super-AGB stars when the O+Ne+Mg

First stars, hypernovae, and superluminous supernovae

After the big bang, production of heavy elements in the early universe takes place starting from the formation of the first (Pop III) stars, their evolution, and explosion. The Pop III supernova (SN)

Supernova Nucleosynthesis in the early universe

Abstract The first metal enrichment in the universe was made by supernova (SN) explosions of population (Pop) III stars. The history of chemical evolution is recorded in abundance patterns of

Core Collapse Supernova Models and Nucleosynthesis

  • K. Nomoto
  • Physics
    Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
  • 2013
Abstract After the Big Bang, production of heavy elements in the early Universe takes place in the first stars and their supernova explosions. The nature of the first supernovae, however, has not

Nucleosynthesis in Supernovae, Hypernovae/Gamma-ray Bursts and Compact Binary Mergers

We present the status and open problems of the astrophysical sites responsible for the nucleosynthesis of Fe-group and heavier elements (with the exception of the s-process). This involves type Ia


We examine nucleosynthesis in the electron capture supernovae of progenitor asymptotic giant branch stars with an O–Ne–Mg core (with the initial stellar mass of 8.8 M☉). Thermodynamic trajectories


The inclusion of rotationally induced mixing in stellar evolution can alter the structure and composition of pre-supernova stars. We survey the effects of progenitor rotation on nucleosynthetic

PUSHing Core-collapse Supernovae to Explosions in Spherical Symmetry. III. Nucleosynthesis Yields

In a previously presented proof-of-principle study, we established a parameterized spherically symmetric explosion method (PUSH) that can reproduce many features of core-collapse supernovae (CCSNe)



Explosive Nucleosynthesis in Hypernovae

We examine the characteristics of nucleosynthesis in "hypernovae," i.e., supernovae with very large explosion energies (≳1052 ergs). We carry out detailed nucleosynthesis calculations for these

Bipolar Supernova Explosions: Nucleosynthesis and Implications for Abundances in Extremely Metal-Poor Stars

Hydrodynamics and explosive nucleosynthesis in bipolar supernova explosions are examined to account for some peculiar properties of hypernovae as well as peculiar abundance patterns of metal-poor

Evolution, Explosion, and Nucleosynthesis of Core-Collapse Supernovae

We present a new set of presupernova evolutions and explosive yields of massive stars of initial solar composition (Y = 0.285, Z = 0.02) in the mass range 13-35 M☉. All the models have been computed

Nucleosynthesis, Reionization, and the Mass Function of the First Stars

We critique the hypothesis that the first stars were very massive stars (VMSs; M > 140 M☉). We review the two major lines of evidence for the existence of VMSs: (1) that the relative metal abundances

Nucleosynthesis in Massive Stars with Improved Nuclear and Stellar Physics

We present the first calculations to follow the evolution of all stable nuclei and their radioactive progenitors in stellar models computed from the onset of central hydrogen burning through

The Explosive Yields Produced by the First Generation of Core Collapse Supernovae and the Chemical Composition of Extremely Metal Poor Stars

We present a detailed comparison of an extended set of elemental abundances observed in some of the most metal poor stars presently known and the ejecta produced by a generation of primordial core

Fossil Imprints of the First-Generation Supernova Ejecta in Extremely Metal-deficient Stars

Using the results of nucleosynthesis calculations for theoretical core-collapse supernova models with various progenitor masses, it is shown that the abundance patterns of C, Mg, Si, Ca, and H that

Variations in the Abundance Pattern of Extremely Metal-Poor Stars and Nucleosynthesis in Population III Supernovae

We calculate nucleosynthesis in Population III supernovae (SNe) and compare the yields with various abundance patterns of extremely metal-poor (EMP) stars. We assume that the observed EMP stars are

Nucleosynthesis in Type II Supernovae and the Abundances in Metal-poor Stars

We explore the effects on nucleosynthesis in Type II supernovae of various parameters (mass cut, neutron excess, explosion energy, progenitor mass) in order to explain the observed trends of the