Nucleos(t)ide analogues causes HBV S gene mutations and carcinogenesis.

Abstract

BACKGROUND The long-term use of nucleos(t)ide analogues causes drug resistance and mutations in the HBV reverse transcriptase (RT) region of the polymerase gene. The RT region overlaps the HBV surface gene (S gene) and therefore, the mutations in the RT region simultaneously modify S gene sequence. Certain mutations in the RT region bring about truncated S… (More)

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