The multi-functional protein calreticulin (CRT) is normally found within the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). However, some of its proposed functions require it to be located within the nucleus, where its presence is contentious. We have investigated this in live COS7, HeLa and LM(TK-) cells using green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion proteins. GFP-CRT, and GFP, with an ER signal peptide and a KDEL sequence (ER-GFP), were localised to the ER. In addition, GFP-CRT was located in the nucleus of all the cell types at low levels. The higher levels of nuclear fluorescence in LM(TK-) and HeLa cells suggested that glucocorticoid receptors might enhance nuclear localisation of calreticulin. Dexamethasone treatment of LM(TK-) cells doubled the amount of nuclear GFP-CRT, but did not affect the localisation of a GFP-CRT fusion in which the glucocorticoid receptor-binding N-domain of calreticulin had been deleted. Thus, despite ER targeting and retention signals, calreticulin is also located within the nucleus where its presence increases due to its interaction with glucocorticoid receptors.