Nuclear genes affecting albinism in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) anther culture

@article{Tuvesson2004NuclearGA,
  title={Nuclear genes affecting albinism in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) anther culture},
  author={Inger Kirstine Due Tuvesson and Svend Pedersen and Sven Bode Andersen},
  journal={Theoretical and Applied Genetics},
  year={2004},
  volume={78},
  pages={879-883}
}
SummaryInheritance of the ability to respond in wheat anther culture was studied from 6×2 reciprocal crosses between six varieties with high and two varieties with low capacity for green plant formation and their parents, replicated in two environments. Effects of genotypes dominated embryo formation and percentages of green plants, accounting for 78.4% and 85.4% of total variation, respectively, while smaller genetic effects were indicated for regeneration. Nuclear genes could explain almost… 
Nuclear genes affecting percentage of green plants in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) anther culture
TLDR
Effects of genotypes dominated embryo formation and percentages of green plants, accounting for 62 and 76% of total variation, respectively, with almost no genetic effect on the ability to regenerate plants from pollen embryos.
Inheritance of anther culture derived green plantlet regeneration in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
TLDR
No reciprocal differences were found for anther culture response, embryo induction frequency and green plant regeneration, indicating no cytoplasmic effects and a small but significant reciprocal difference was found for callus induction frequency.
High production of wheat double haploids via anther culture
TLDR
It can be concluded that in vitro anther culture can be successfully used in breeding programs for rapid production of homozygous wheat lines.
Effect of parental genotypes and colchicine treatment on the androgenic response of wheat F1 hybrids
TLDR
It was concluded that screening the inbred lines for the response to anther culture with and without colchicine treatment could contribute to utilization of breeding material with a low response toAnther culture via the proper hybrid combinations.
Chromosomal regions associated with the in vitro culture response of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) microspores
TLDR
Identification of the two QTLs enables introduction of high regeneration efficiency into wheat germplasm and proved that the efficient regeneration observed for one variety could be crossed into modern winter wheat.
Reciprocal effects in anther cultures of wheat hybrids
TLDR
The use of one parent as male or female could lead to change at the production of green plants from the F1 hybrids and screening of inbred lines for response to anther culture, without reciprocal effects, could decrease the utilization of breeding material.
Chromosomal regions controlling anther culturability in rice (Oryza sativa L.)
TLDR
Two regions on chromosome 1 was found to control callus formation from microspores, and one region on chromosome 10 appeared to control the ratio of green to albino regenerated plants, as well as the association between alleles of the RFLP markers.
Inheritance patterns of the response to in vitro doubled haploid induction in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.)
TLDR
The populations evaluated here provide a rich source of alleles needed for the introgression of high levels of androgenic capacity into recalcitrant material, and this germplasm is ideally suited for use in future genotyping and mapping studies so that the genetic control of androgensic capacity in perennial ryegrass can be elucidated.
Somatic in vitro culture response of Lolium perenne L.: genetic effects and correlations with anther culture
SummaryGenotypic effects on callus induction and plant regeneration in callus, suspension and protoplast culture, and their correlations with both phenotypic and GCA-values for anther culture
The Evaluation of Response to Isolated Microspores Culture in Some Iranian Hexaploid Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Cultivars
TLDR
Ten Iranian hexaploid wheat cultivars selected on the basis of their characters such as heat, drought and salinity resistant have been selected and their responses to isolated microspore culture were evaluated and showed that the interaction between cultivar Chamran and CHB-2 medium produced the highest number of embryos while the interactionBetween cultivar Hamoon and NPB99 medium had the highest green plant regeneration.
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References

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TLDR
Variance components estimated from replicates with selected parts of the plant material indicated that for the formation of pollen embryos from anthers, interactions between genotypes and replications were dominating, and Regeneration of plants from pollen embryos or callus was not significantly influenced by either genotype or replicates.
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TLDR
Comparisons of microspore regeneration frequencies of hybrids and their parents indicated that culture responsiveness is a heritable, complex character involving at least two different and separately inherited mechanisms:1) the ability ofmicrospores within anthers to divide and give rise to calluses and subsequently2)the ability of calluses for morphogenesis, to yield green or albino plants.
Effect of the 1B/1R translocation on anther culture ability in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
Using two varieties, their reciprocal hybrids, F8 lines and doubled haploids, results confirmed that three genetic components are involved in wheat anther culture ability, viz embryo induction
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TLDR
Frequency of callus formation in wheat anthers cultured in vitro and the frequency of subsequent plantlet formation from such calli were examined in a diallel population produced from five inbred spring wheat cultivars, suggesting that both traits were highly heritable.
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TLDR
The results indicate that the transfer of in vitro androgenic ability to F1 hybrids is not dependent upon the maternal cytoplasm source.
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TLDR
improving anther-culture response in wheat by selection could prove difficult unless the another-culture process itself selects for response traits at the gametic level.
Diallel analysis of androgenetic plant production in hexaploid Triticale (X. triticosecale, Wittmack)
TLDR
Genetic improvement seems to be possible by recombination in progenies of hybrids between lines having complementary abilities, and hybrids appear superior to inbred lines for embryogenesis and green plant yield, but not for green plant regeneration.
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TLDR
Two culture media initially developed for rice and wheat anther culture have been shown to have pronounced influence on rye and the influence of the genetic background of the donor plants on the success rate of antherculture and on the percentage of albino formation is discussed.
Anther culture of Hordeum vulgare L.: a genetic study of microspore callus production and differentiation
TLDR
Analysis of variance revealed significant differences in response between the spikes sampled from the plants, and Spike to spike variation also appeared to be a heritable character.
Rapid production of recombinant barley yellow mosaic virus resistant Hordeum vulgare lines by anther culture
TLDR
It is indicated that probably more than one gene is responsible for Franka's BaYMV-resistance, which indicates that both parents carry identical gene(s).
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