Nuclear Winter: Global Consequences of Multple Nuclear Explosions

@article{Turco1983NuclearWG,
  title={Nuclear Winter: Global Consequences of Multple Nuclear Explosions},
  author={Richard P. Turco and Owen Brian Toon and Thomas P. Ackerman and James B. Pollack and Carl E. Sagan},
  journal={Science},
  year={1983},
  volume={222},
  pages={1283 - 1292}
}
The potential global atmospheric and climatic consequences of nuclear war are investigated using models previously developed to study the effects of volcanic eruptions. Although the results are necessarily imprecise due to wide range of possible scenaros and uncertainty in physical parameters, the most probable first-order effects are serious. Significant hemispherical attenuation of the solar radiation flux and subfreezing land temperatures may be caused by fine dust raised in high-yield… 

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