Novel symptomatology and changing epidemiology of domoic acid toxicosis in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus): an increasing risk to marine mammal health

@article{Goldstein2007NovelSA,
  title={Novel symptomatology and changing epidemiology of domoic acid toxicosis in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus): an increasing risk to marine mammal health},
  author={T. Goldstein and J. Mazet and T. Zabka and G. Langlois and K. Colegrove and M. Silver and S. Bargu and F. V. Van Dolah and T. Leighfield and P. Conrad and J. Barakos and D. C. Williams and S. Dennison and M. Haulena and F. Gulland},
  journal={Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences},
  year={2007},
  volume={275},
  pages={267 - 276}
}
Harmful algal blooms are increasing worldwide, including those of Pseudo-nitzschia spp. producing domoic acid off the California coast. This neurotoxin was first shown to cause mortality of marine mammals in 1998. A decade of monitoring California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) health since then has indicated that changes in the symptomatology and epidemiology of domoic acid toxicosis in this species are associated with the increase in toxigenic blooms. Two separate clinical syndromes now… Expand
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