Novel symptomatology and changing epidemiology of domoic acid toxicosis in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus): an increasing risk to marine mammal health.

@article{Goldstein2007NovelSA,
  title={Novel symptomatology and changing epidemiology of domoic acid toxicosis in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus): an increasing risk to marine mammal health.},
  author={Tracey Goldstein and Jonna A. K. Mazet and Tanja S. Zabka and Ga{\"e}tan Langlois and Kathleen M. Colegrove and Mary W. Silver and Sibel Bargu and Frances M Van Dolah and Tod A. Leighfield and Patricia A. Conrad and Jerome Barakos and Daniel C. Williams and Siobhan Dennison and Martin Haulena and Frances M. D. Gulland},
  journal={Proceedings. Biological sciences},
  year={2007},
  volume={275 1632},
  pages={
          267-76
        }
}
Harmful algal blooms are increasing worldwide, including those of Pseudo-nitzschia spp. producing domoic acid off the California coast. This neurotoxin was first shown to cause mortality of marine mammals in 1998. A decade of monitoring California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) health since then has indicated that changes in the symptomatology and epidemiology of domoic acid toxicosis in this species are associated with the increase in toxigenic blooms. Two separate clinical syndromes now… CONTINUE READING

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