Novel rhodium cluster-catalyzed reduction of nitropropane to propionitrile under CO and H2O.

@inproceedings{KanedaKiyotomi1985NovelRC,
  title={Novel rhodium cluster-catalyzed reduction of nitropropane to propionitrile under CO and H2O.},
  author={KanedaKiyotomi and MoriTeruaki and KobayashiMasaya and ImanakaToshinobu and TeranishiShiichiro},
  year={1985}
}
Propionitrile is selectively formed by reduction of nitropropane using CO and H2O (8 atm of CO, 40 °C). Rhodium carbonyls combined with bases show high catalytic activity. Amines with high pKa values as additives give high yields of propionitrile.