Novel insights into rice innate immunity against bacterial and fungal pathogens.

@article{Liu2014NovelII,
  title={Novel insights into rice innate immunity against bacterial and fungal pathogens.},
  author={Wende Liu and Jinling Liu and Lindsay R. Triplett and Jan E. Leach and Guo‐Liang Wang},
  journal={Annual review of phytopathology},
  year={2014},
  volume={52},
  pages={
          213-41
        }
}
Rice feeds more than half of the world's population. Rice blast, caused by the fungal pathogen Magnaporthe oryzae, and bacterial blight, caused by the bacterial pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, are major constraints to rice production worldwide. Genome sequencing and extensive molecular analysis has led to the identification of many new pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and avirulence and virulence effectors in both pathogens, as well as effector targets and receptors in the… 
Plant innate immunity in rice: a defense against pathogen infection
TLDR
Impressive progress has been recently achieved in understanding the molecular basis of rice pathogen-associated molecular pattern-immunity and effector-triggered immunity, emphasizing the diverse functions of the structurally conserved fungal effectors, the regulatory mechanisms of the immune receptor complexes, and the novel strategies for breeding disease resistance.
Pathogen Recognition and Immune Signaling
TLDR
Identification of rice factors that interact with OsRac1, OsRLCK185, and WRKY45 revealed the molecular mechanisms of a variety of immune responses, including the expression of defense-related genes, production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and lignification.
Understanding the Mechanism of Host-Pathogen Interaction in Rice Through Genomics Approaches
TLDR
This chapter discusses the standard genomics approaches used for understanding the host-pathogen interaction in rice covering various genome-wide association studies including GBS, QTLs, association mapping of R genes, GW meta-analysis and SNP chip techniques, and describes the role of epigenomics in gene expression reprogramming during biotic stress.
Overexpression of BSR1 confers broad-spectrum resistance against two bacterial diseases and two major fungal diseases in rice
TLDR
It is demonstrated that BSR1-OX rice shows remarkable broad-spectrum resistance to at least two major bacterial species and two major fungal species, and slight resistance to one viral pathogen.
Resistance Genes and their Interactions with Bacterial Blight/Leaf Streak Pathogens (Xanthomonas oryzae) in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)—an Updated Review
TLDR
Recent advances in studies on interactions between rice and the two pathogens through a series of resistance (R) genes and their cognate avirulence and virulence effector genes are summarized.
Biochemical defence responses of resistant and susceptible rice genotypes against blast pathogen Magnaporthe oryzae
Abstract Rice blast is the leading fungal disease which is caused by Magnaporthe oryzae that contributes for the significant decline in the rice yield throughout the globe. There is a need for the
Pathogen effectors and plant immunity determine specialization of the blast fungus to rice subspecies
TLDR
It is indicated that major differences in several components of basal immunity and effector-triggered immunity of the japonica and indica rice varieties are associated with specialization of M. oryzae and may limit the spread of the pathogen within the Yuanyang agro-system.
PAMP-triggered immune responses in barley and susceptibility to powdery mildew
TLDR
The RAC/ROP GTPase RACB is a powdery mildew susceptibility factor of barley that apparently does not negatively control early PTI responses but functions in polar cell development during invasion of the pathogen into living host epidermal cells.
Transcriptome analysis of rice response to blast fungus identified core genes involved in immunity.
TLDR
An in-depth comparative transcriptome study on the susceptible and resistant rice cultivars in response to M. oryzae provided novel insight into transcriptional reprogramming and serves as a valuable resource for functional studies on rice immune signaling components in resistance to blast disease.
Lessons in Effector and NLR Biology of Plant-Microbe Systems.
TLDR
12 lessons in effector and NLR biology that have emerged from studying these three little effectors from the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae and their corresponding rice NLR immune receptors are drawn and are broadly applicable to other plant-microbe systems.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 189 REFERENCES
Recent progress in understanding PAMP- and effector-triggered immunity against the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae.
TLDR
This review summarizes the recent research on the characterization of those genes in both M. oryzae and rice that are important for the PAMP- and effector-triggered immunity recognition and signaling processes.
The evolution and pathogenic mechanisms of the rice sheath blight pathogen
TLDR
The draft genome sequence of the rice sheath blight disease pathogen, R. solani AG1 IA, is assembled using next-generation Illumina Genome Analyser sequencing technologies and reveals the exclusive expression patterns of the pathogenic determinants during host infection.
Recent advances in rice blast effector research.
TLDR
Interestingly, the translocated effectors moved into surrounding uninvaded cells, suggesting that effectors prepare host cells before the fungus enters them.
Innate immunity in rice.
TLDR
This work reviews the recognition and signaling events that govern rice innate immunity and identifies a diverse array of microbial effectors from bacterial and fungal pathogens that triggers immune responses upon perception.
Effector-Mediated Suppression of Chitin-Triggered Immunity by Magnaporthe oryzae Is Necessary for Rice Blast Disease[C][W]
TLDR
It is proposed that Slp1 sequesters chitin oligosaccharides to prevent PAMP-triggered immunity in rice, thereby facilitating rapid spread of the fungus within host tissue.
The Bacterial Pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae Overcomes Rice Defenses by Regulating Host Copper Redistribution[W][OA]
TLDR
It is shown that PXO99, a pathogenic strain of bacterial blight, overcomes rice by regulating rice genes to remove copper from the site where it multiplies to cause disease.
Cell Wall Degrading Enzyme Induced Rice Innate Immune Responses Are Suppressed by the Type 3 Secretion System Effectors XopN, XopQ, XopX and XopZ of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae
TLDR
It is shown that Agrobacterium mediated transient transfer of the gene for XopN, a X. oryzae type 3 secretion (T3S) system effector, results in suppression of rice innate immune responses induced by LipA, a gram negative bacterial pathogen of rice.
The genome sequence of the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe grisea
TLDR
The draft sequence of the M. grisea genome is reported, reflecting the clonal nature of this fungus imposed by widespread rice cultivation and analysis of the gene set provides an insight into the adaptations required by a fungus to cause disease.
The Magnaporthe oryzae Effector AvrPiz-t Targets the RING E3 Ubiquitin Ligase APIP6 to Suppress Pathogen-Associated Molecular Pattern–Triggered Immunity in Rice[W][OA]
TLDR
The results reveal a mechanism in which a fungal effector targets the host ubiquitin proteasome system for the suppression of PAMP-triggered immunity in plants.
Rice Blast Management Through Host-Plant Resistance: Retrospect and Prospects
TLDR
Of the 100 blast resistance genes, identified and mapped in different genotypes of rice, 19 genes have been cloned and characterized at the molecular level and the strategies for broad-spectrum resistance to M. oryzae can be designed in future.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...