Novel insights in ultrasound evaluation of thyroid gland in children with papillary thyroid carcinoma.

  • Published 2017 in Neuro endocrinology letters

Abstract

BACKGROUND The coincidence of autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is ranging between 10 and 58% in the general population. MATERIAL AND METHODS In the present study retrospective ultrasound, clinical and autoimmune assessment of 24 patients diagnosed with papillary thyroid carcinoma between 2000-2016 was performed. RESULTS The coexistence of PTC and AIT was found in 50% of patients with PTC. Patients were divided into two groups. PTC AIT (+) group involved 12 children at the mean age 14.9 years (range 11-20 years, 9 girls) and PTC AIT (-) 12 children at the mean age 12.9 years (range 7-18 years, 5 girls). Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) was diagnosed in 6 patients (in 5 with AIT). US characteristics of PTC was heterogenous: hypoechogenic with/without increased vascularisation, normoechogenic with halo, with/without microcalcifications. In 70% PTC AIT (+) and in all PTC AIT (-) patients ultrasound analysis revealed that the thyroid tissue of the whole gland was normoechogenic. Local metastases in lymph nodes were found in 40% of PTMC AIT (+). CONCLUSION Lack of increased vascularization and microcalcifications and presence of``halo`in the nodule does not exclude malignancy. Due to the presence of lymph node involvement in PTMC in all children with PTC total thyroidectomy should be performed with lymph nodes verification.

Cite this paper

@article{2017NovelII, title={Novel insights in ultrasound evaluation of thyroid gland in children with papillary thyroid carcinoma.}, author={}, journal={Neuro endocrinology letters}, year={2017}, volume={38 5}, pages={367-374} }