Novel cross linked guar gum-g-poly(acrylate) porous superabsorbent hydrogels: Characterization and swelling behaviour in different environments.

Abstract

A new series of eco-friendly cross linked guar gum-g-poly(acrylate) porous superabsorbent hydrogels was prepared by in situ grafting polymerization and cross-linking on to a natural guar gum employing N,N-methylene bis acrylamide as cross linker. Morphological and structural characterization of the prepared hydrogels (SPHs) done by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and solid state C(13) NMR spectroscopy confirmed formation of porous grafted and crosslinked hydrogel structure. Increase in cross linker concentration in the feed mass exhibited decrease in porosity and increase in density of the hydrogels. Swelling of an optimized hydrogel (SPH) in response to external stimuli namely, salt solutions, fertilizer solutions, temperature, and pH exhibited high swelling ratios in various environments. Swelling rate of the SPH was faster than the corresponding nonporous superabsorbent hydrogel. The prepared hydrogels can serve as excellent carriers of pesticides, fertilizers and agriculturally important microbes. Biocontrol formulations based on a representative SPH exhibited excellent shelf-life characteristics and bioefficacy against phytopathogenic fungus Pythium aphanidermatum.

DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.04.077

Cite this paper

@article{Chandrika2016NovelCL, title={Novel cross linked guar gum-g-poly(acrylate) porous superabsorbent hydrogels: Characterization and swelling behaviour in different environments.}, author={Ksv Poorna Chandrika and Anupama Singh and Abhishek Rathore and Anil Kumar}, journal={Carbohydrate polymers}, year={2016}, volume={149}, pages={175-85} }