Novel ballast water heating technique offers cost-effective treatment to reduce the risk of global transport of harmful marine organisms

@inproceedings{Rigby1999NovelBW,
  title={Novel ballast water heating technique offers cost-effective treatment to reduce the risk of global transport of harmful marine organisms},
  author={Geoff R. Rigby and Gustaaf Hallegraeff and Carol Sutton},
  year={1999}
}
Ten billion tonnes of shipping ballast water are carried around the world annually. This provides an inadvertant mechanism for the transfer and dispersal of harmful bacteria, toxic dinoflagellates, seaweeds, molluscs, starfish, crabs and fish (Rigby and Hallegraeff 1996). Establishment of nonindigenous and harmful organisms have resulted in significant ecological and environmental damage and also pose a threat to human health through Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning, and possibly even Cholera… CONTINUE READING

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