Novel antibiotic-resistant pneumococcal strains recovered from the upper respiratory tracts of HIV-infected adults and their children in Kisumu, Kenya.

@article{Medina2005NovelAP,
  title={Novel antibiotic-resistant pneumococcal strains recovered from the upper respiratory tracts of HIV-infected adults and their children in Kisumu, Kenya.},
  author={Marie-jo Medina and Carolyn M. Greene and Robert E. Gertz and Richard R. Facklam and Geofrey Jagero and Mary J. Hamel and Ya Ping Shi and Lawrence Slutsker and Daniel R Feikin and Bernard Beall},
  journal={Microbial drug resistance},
  year={2005},
  volume={11 1},
  pages={9-17}
}
In a survey of genetic diversity within penicillin-nonsusceptible pneumococcal isolates in Kenya, we examined 162 upper respiratory isolates from 104 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults and 46 children in a cotrimoxazole prophylaxis study. Antibiotic resistance levels were high; 152 (94.4%) were cotrimoxazole nonsusceptible (134 fully resistant) and 124 (77%) were intermediately penicillin resistant. Isolates nonsusceptible to penicillin and cotrimoxazole (PNCNP) were found among… CONTINUE READING
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