Novel Optical Position Sensing for Miniaturized Applications and Validation in a Total Artificial Heart

Abstract

GOAL This paper describes the development and testing of various position sensing systems (PSSs) for miniaturized long-term applications with a focus on their validation in a total artificial heart (TAH). After a short description of the TAH's functioning principle, the special requirements for the PSS resulting from the application in a TAH are investigated. METHODS Three PSS's were designed according to these requirements. A specially designed test method was used to first validate each PSS for general use in a miniaturized application. This test method validated the speed, resolution, and accuracy requirements for the PSS. In a second step, the PSS's were integrated in a TAH to measure its stroke position for the drive control. In this application, further requirements apart from miniaturization were considered. Each PSS's functionality in the TAH was validated in a mock circulation loop, which simulates the human circulatory system. RESULTS Two of the three designed PSS's showed satisfactory results for all tested requirements inside the pump, whereas the third PSS did not operate properly at full-pump capacity. The best performing PSS was chosen for further use in the TAH. It performed up to a beat rate of 220 b/m. CONCLUSION The extensive validation resulted in an accurate, miniature PSS for a TAH. SIGNIFICANCE Besides the use in a TAH, the presented PSS's can be employed in a wide use of miniaturized applications. The introduced testing method allows the validation for general miniaturized applications, e.g., linear motor drives.

DOI: 10.1109/TBME.2015.2463729

Cite this paper

@article{Pelletier2016NovelOP, title={Novel Optical Position Sensing for Miniaturized Applications and Validation in a Total Artificial Heart}, author={Benedikt A. Pelletier and Yvonne M. Blaszczyk and Patrick Carstens and Gonzalo Alvarez and Felix Lamping and Marco Laumen and Thomas Finocchiaro and Ulrich Steinseifer}, journal={IEEE transactions on bio-medical engineering}, year={2016}, volume={63 3}, pages={478-84} }