Novel Chemistry of Abdominal Defensive Glands of Nymphalid Butterfly Agraulis vanillae

  title={Novel Chemistry of Abdominal Defensive Glands of Nymphalid Butterfly Agraulis vanillae},
  author={Gary N. Ross and Henry M. Fales and Helen A. Lloyd and Tappey H Jones and Edward A. Sokoloski and Kimberly R. Marshall-Batty and Murray S. Blum},
  journal={Journal of Chemical Ecology},
Abdominal defensive glands of both sexes of the Gulf fritillary butterfly, Agraulis vanillae (Linnaeus) (Nymphalidae:Heliconiinae)emit a pronounced odor when disturbed. We have identified 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one; oleic, palmitic, and stearic esters of the corresponding alcohol 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-ol; hexadecyl acetate; 1,16-hexadecanediol diacetate; and 1,15-hexadecanediol diacetate in the glandular exudate. Since we have determined that free-flying birds or birds in a butterfly conservatory… CONTINUE READING


Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 14 references


  • On the abdominal glands in
  • 1925
Highly Influential
6 Excerpts

S ̈ udamerikanische Nymphalidenraupen : Versuch eines nat ̈ urlichen Systems der Nymphaliden

  • Zool . Jb .
  • 1886
Highly Influential
4 Excerpts

Ten secrets to good butterfly gardening

  • ROSS, N G.
  • La . Gard . Sept .
  • 2000

Butterflies Through Binoculars: The East

  • 1999

Butterfly gardens as scientific laboratories

  • Gary N. Ross, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, G. N. 52 pp. ROSS
  • Gulf fritillary.La. Conserv.48:18–20. ROSS, G. N
  • 1996

The distribution of radiolabeled pigment precursors in the wing patterns of nymphalid butterflies

  • P. B. KOCH
  • J Res . Lepid .
  • 1991
1 Excerpt

Speciation in Heliconius ( Lep . , Nymphalidae ) : Morphology and geographic distribution

  • M. G. EMSLEY
  • Zoologica
  • 1965
1 Excerpt

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…