Novel Chemistry of Abdominal Defensive Glands of Nymphalid Butterfly Agraulis vanillae

@article{Ross2004NovelCO,
  title={Novel Chemistry of Abdominal Defensive Glands of Nymphalid Butterfly Agraulis vanillae},
  author={Gary Noel Ross and Henry M. Fales and Helen A. Lloyd and Tappey H Jones and Edward A. Sokoloski and Kimberly R. Marshall-Batty and Murray Sheldon Blum},
  journal={Journal of Chemical Ecology},
  year={2004},
  volume={27},
  pages={1219-1228}
}
Abdominal defensive glands of both sexes of the Gulf fritillary butterfly, Agraulis vanillae (Linnaeus) (Nymphalidae:Heliconiinae)emit a pronounced odor when disturbed. We have identified 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one; oleic, palmitic, and stearic esters of the corresponding alcohol 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-ol; hexadecyl acetate; 1,16-hexadecanediol diacetate; and 1,15-hexadecanediol diacetate in the glandular exudate. Since we have determined that free-flying birds or birds in a butterfly conservatory… 

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