Novel Chemistry of Abdominal Defensive Glands of Nymphalid Butterfly Agraulis vanillae

  title={Novel Chemistry of Abdominal Defensive Glands of Nymphalid Butterfly Agraulis vanillae},
  author={Gary Noel Ross and Henry M. Fales and Helen A. Lloyd and Tappey H Jones and Edward A. Sokoloski and Kimberly R. Marshall-Batty and Murray Sheldon Blum},
  journal={Journal of Chemical Ecology},
Abdominal defensive glands of both sexes of the Gulf fritillary butterfly, Agraulis vanillae (Linnaeus) (Nymphalidae:Heliconiinae)emit a pronounced odor when disturbed. We have identified 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one; oleic, palmitic, and stearic esters of the corresponding alcohol 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-ol; hexadecyl acetate; 1,16-hexadecanediol diacetate; and 1,15-hexadecanediol diacetate in the glandular exudate. Since we have determined that free-flying birds or birds in a butterfly conservatory… 

An Antiaphrodisiac in Heliconius melpomene Butterflies

The investigation showed that β-ocimene is an antiaphrodisiac pheromone of H. melpomene, and its transfer to females during copulation was shown by analysis of butterflies of both sexes before and after copulation.

Morphology of the Prosternal Glands of Heliconius erato (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)

Two types of exocrine glands, located midventrally on the prosternum, are described for the larval stage of Heliconius erato (Linnaeus) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) and a single term is proposed, prosternal glands, for these glands is proposed.

Macrolides from the scent glands of the tropical butterflies Heliconius cydno and Heliconius pachinus.

The four major components present in scent gland extracts of the male Costa Rica longwing butterflies Heliconius cydno and Heliconius pachinus were identified as 12- and 14-membered macrolides

Inter-relationship of behaviour, faecal testosterone levels and glandular volatiles in determination of dominance in male Blackbuck

This poster presents a probabilistic approach to assess the phytochemical properties of H2O and its applications in agriculture and animal welfare.

Dominance Hierarchy in Indian Blackbuck (Antelope cervicapra L.): Sources, Behavior and Role of Pheromone Signals

This chapter provides a detailed account of the establishment and maintenance of the dominance hierarchy of Blackbucks and how fecal steroids and urinary and preorbital glandular pheromones may be involved.

Modern Threats To The Lepidoptera Fauna In The Florida Ecosystem

  • T. Paris
  • Biology, Environmental Science
  • 2011
The present study examines the possible threats to the Lepidoptera fauna of Florida and the prevalence of parasitoid interactions in urban and rural settings and the possible effect of pesticides on these interactions.

Structures related to pheromone storage in alar androconia and the female abdominal scent gland of Heliconius erato phyllis, Heliconius ethilla narcaea, and Heliconius besckei (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae)

The findings revealed different sizes of external androconial scales and an internal group of porous structural vesicles that are probably related to the preservation of internal space, reception and storage of secretions, and elimination of volatiles when the male is actively involved in courtship.

Daily Eclosion Patterns in Nymphalid Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): Interspecific and Intraspecific Variation

The data do not fit the prediction that elevated avian predation in the morning will favor eclosion at other times during the day, nor do the predictions from the known interspecific differences in the daily timing of mating.

Palmistichus elaeisis (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) Parasitizing Pupae of the Passion Fruit Pest Agraulis vanillae vanillae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)

The results indicated that it is practical to rear this parasitoid with A. vanillae vanillaae pupae to provide the parasitoids for use in biological control programs.


It is found that as predicted, male‐contributed chemical mixtures are complex and highly variable across species, with limited phylogenetic signal, and differences in rates of evolution in pheromone composition between two major clades of Heliconius are as expected.



Chemistry and functions of exocrine secretions of the antsTapinoma melanocephalum and T. erraticum

Volatile constituents produced by ant workers belonging to the speciesTapinoma melanocephalum andT. erraticum have been analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The pygidial (=anal) gland

The uropygiols: identification of the unsaponifiable constituent of a diester wax from chicken preen glands.

The chief lipid fraction in the uropygial gland excretion of the domestic hen is a diester wax, which consists of saturated normal C(10)-C(20) fatty acids.

Everything you wanted to know about …

The Natural Coumarins: Occurrence, Chemistry and Biochemistry.By Robert D.H. Murray Jesus Mendez and Stewart A. Brown. Pp.702. ISBN 0-471-28057-7. (Wiley: 1982.) £70, $160.

The Tough Guys

The Maltese Falcon (1930) is only superficially a detective thriller. Ross MacDonald has called it ‘a fable of modern man in quest for love and money’.1 To Hammett as he wrote, it must have unfolded


This chapter deals with the major events in Sahajanand’s life during 1920–7. In 1920, he met Gandhi at Patna and became involved in the freedom struggle. He attended the Nagpur Congress and plunged

Butterflies through Binoculars: The East

Butterflies through binoculars: the east , Butterflies through binoculars: the east , مرکز فناوری اطلاعات و اطلاع رسانی کشاورزی

The distribution of radiolabeled pigment precursors in the wing patterns of nymphalid butterflies

Speciation in Heliconius (Lep., Nymphalidae): Morphology and geographic distribution

  • M. Emsley
  • Biology
    Zoologica : scientific contributions of the New York Zoological Society.
  • 1965

Butterfly gardens as scientific laboratories

  • Gulf fritillary.La. Conserv.48:18–20. ROSS, G. N
  • 1996