Notes on Zervanism in the Light of Zaehner's Zurvan, with Additional References

  title={Notes on Zervanism in the Light of Zaehner's Zurvan, with Additional References},
  author={Jacques Duchesne-Guillemin},
  journal={Journal of Near Eastern Studies},
  pages={108 - 112}
HERE is a notorious discrepancy among our sources on religion under the Sassanids. According to the foreign witnesses, most of them Christians writing in Armenian or Syriac, the supreme god was Zurvan, the father of Ormazd and Ahriman. This evidence is born out by only one, late, native source, the Ulemd i Islam. All the Pahlavi writings give the very different picture of a dualistic system in which Zurvan has hardly any part to play. Of Zaehner's predecessors in trying to reconcile this… 
24 Citations

Some Reflections on Zurvanism

  • M. Boyce
  • Geology
    Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies
  • 1957
From the studies of Zurvanism made in this century, a large measure of agreement has been reached. It is accepted that Zurvan ‘est en general le dieu du firmament lumineux et étoilé … avant tout le


THE HISTORY OF CHRISTIAN EXPANSION IN IRAN It will always be difficult to form a clear picture of the initial stages of a religion, however much one may know of the revolutionary character of the


The historical Buddha, Śākyamuni, lived in north-east India in the 6th to 5th century b.c. He died at the age of eighty in about 483 b.c. , leaving no written records of his teaching. At that time,


The oldest known references to the region of Sogdiana occur in the Old Persian inscriptions and in the Avesta. The surviving documents show that depending on the time, place and purpose of

Las persecuciones religiosas en la Persia Sasánida: la creación de la identidad nacional en torno a la religión zoroastriana

With the reading of the inscription of the chief of the Zoroastrian magicians Kartir, we are present at an episode of religious repression directed to other religious cults present in the territory


Gay6mart, Etude sur le syncretisme religieux dans l'Iran ancien (Uppsala, 1953)

  • Reviewed by J. D.-G. in Review of Religion (New York)
  • 1953