Notational Modulation of the SNARC and the MARC (Linguistic Markedness of Response Codes) Effect

@article{Nuerk2004NotationalMO,
  title={Notational Modulation of the SNARC and the MARC (Linguistic Markedness of Response Codes) Effect},
  author={Hans-Christoph Nuerk and Wiebke Iversen and Klaus Willmes},
  journal={Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology},
  year={2004},
  volume={57},
  pages={835 - 863}
}
Number magnitude and number parity representation are fundamental number representations. However, the representation of parity is much less understood than that of magnitude: Therefore, we investigated it by examining the (new) Linguistic Markedness of Response Codes (MARC) effect: Responses are facilitated if stimuli and response codes both have the same (congruent) linguistic markedness (even–right, odd–left) while incongruent conditions (even–left, odd–right) lead to interference. We… Expand
Grammatical number elicits SNARC and MARC effects as a function of task demands
TLDR
Light is shed on the relationship of conceptual number and grammatical number and constrain current accounts of the SNARC and MARC effects and two alternative forced choice paradigms are investigated to investigate how access to quantity representation is modulated by task demands. Expand
Time dependency of the SNARC effect for different number formats: evidence from saccadic responses
TLDR
It is proposed that the initiation times for saccadic responses may be too short for the SNARC effect to appear, in particular with the written number format for which activation of magnitude takes time. Expand
Language statistics explain the spatial–numerical association of response codes
TLDR
In three RT experiments, it is shown that the SNARC effect can also be explained by language statistics, and results demonstrate that what has only been attributed to perceptual simulation should also be attributed to language statistics. Expand
When is an odd number not odd? Influence of task rule on the MARC effect for numeric classification.
  • Yang Seok Cho, R. Proctor
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 2007
TLDR
In 2 experiments participants made keypresses to the Arabic numerals or number words 3, 4, 8, and 9 using the odd-even parity rule or a multiple-of-3 rule, which yield the same keypress response for each stimulus. Expand
The universal SNARC effect: the association between number magnitude and space is amodal.
TLDR
The SNARC effect is indeed a general index of a central semantic and amodal number magnitude representation and was found consistently for all modality/notation conditions, including auditory presentation. Expand
The SNARC and MARC effects measured online: Large-scale assessment methods in flexible cognitive effects
TLDR
Large-scale testing via web-based data acquisition not only produces SNARC and MARC effects and validity correlations similar to those from small, in-lab studies, but also reveals substantial insights with regard to interindividual differences that usually cannot be revealed in the offline laboratory, due to power considerations. Expand
Finding the spatial-numerical association of response codes (SNARC) in signed numbers: notational effects in accessing number representation.
TLDR
The SNARC effect emerged systematically across lateralized effectors(manual/pedal response), challenging the hypothesis that the stimulus-response compatibility effect is specific to the effectors associated with the production of written and sign language. Expand
Repetition and the SNARC effect with one- and two-digit numbers.
  • Shawn Tan, P. Dixon
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Canadian journal of experimental psychology = Revue canadienne de psychologie experimentale
  • 2011
TLDR
It is argued that magnitude-laterality codes are activated in the process of accessing number information in memory and that this process can be short circuited if the visual stimulus matches that on the previous trial. Expand
The SNARC Effect in Chinese Numerals: Do Visual Properties of Characters and Hand Signs Influence Number Processing?
TLDR
This is the first time that a horizontal SNARC effect has been demonstrated in Chinese characters and Chinese hand signs and it is particularly interesting as it persisted when participants reported using purely visual features to solve the task, suggesting that numbers were processed semantically even when the task could be solved without the semantic information. Expand
Automaticity of Access to Numerical Magnitude and Its Spatial Associations: The Role of Task and Number Representation
  • A. Cleland, R. Bull
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 2019
TLDR
The results suggest that, while access to magnitude and its spatial associations is not automatic in an “all-or-none” sense, it is certainly at the strong end of automaticity, and that this automatic activation is modality dependent. Expand
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