Notable alkaline tolerance of Kocuria marina isolate from blood of a pediatric patient with continuous intravenous epoprostenol therapy.

Abstract

This study was the first to describe the hitherto deficiently evaluated alkaline tolerance of Kocuria marina isolate from a pediatric patient with continuous intravenous epoprostenol dosing therapy. Our isolate from blood of a 7-year-old Japanese boy was finally identified as K. marina by the morphological, cultural, and biochemical properties together with the comparative sequence analyses of the 16S rRNA genes. The K. marina isolate, the causative agent of catheter-related blood-stream infection, was not only revealed to be salt tolerant (NaCl 15%), but also demonstrated to be stably survived with no apparent decrease of cell counts for long periods (120 h) in an alkaline environment (pH 8, 9, 10, and 11) at 35 °C. Its remarkable tolerance to the stresses of high alkalinity compared with a clinical Staphylococcus aureus strain should provide consistent interpretation that the environment of high alkalinity (pH 10.2-10.8) measures should be insufficient to inactivate almost all the causative agents including K. marina strains in the solution of epoprostenol (pH 10.4) (Flolan(®), GlaxoSmithKline, Ltd., Tokyo, Japan.). To the best of our knowledge, the first description of the property of being tolerant to high alkalinity that the K. marina isolate exhibited was noteworthy and a useful piece of information. In conclusion, we believe that the present study should be a notification regarding the potential risk of catheter-related blood-stream infections due to K. marina, suggestive of an alkalophile, especially in patients receiving continuous intravenous epoprostenol dosing therapy.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jiac.2015.06.004

Cite this paper

@article{Horiuchi2015NotableAT, title={Notable alkaline tolerance of Kocuria marina isolate from blood of a pediatric patient with continuous intravenous epoprostenol therapy.}, author={Ayaka Horiuchi and Noriko Kubota and Eiko Hidaka and Atsuya Shimabukuro and Satoshi Yasukochi and Tomohiko Nakamura and Kozue Oana and Yoshiyuki Kawakami}, journal={Journal of infection and chemotherapy : official journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy}, year={2015}, volume={21 9}, pages={680-6} }