Not just fear and sadness: Meta-analytic evidence of pervasive emotion recognition deficits for facial and vocal expressions in psychopathy

  title={Not just fear and sadness: Meta-analytic evidence of pervasive emotion recognition deficits for facial and vocal expressions in psychopathy},
  author={Amy Dawel and Richard O’Kearney and Elinor McKone and Romina Palermo},
  journal={Neuroscience \& Biobehavioral Reviews},
Neural processing of dynamic emotional facial expressions in psychopaths
Facial expressions play a critical role in social interactions by eliciting rapid responses in the observer and the response in dorsal insula to fear, sadness, and pain was greater in psychopaths than non-psychopaths.
Psychopathic Traits Associate Differentially to Anger, Disgust and Fear Recognition among Men and Women
Psychopathy is characterized by deficits in empathy and violation of the rights of others. Recent data link psychopathy-based lack of empathy to deficits in emotion recognition (ER), in particular
Facial responsiveness of psychopaths to the emotional expressions of others
The results challenge current theories that focus on deficits in emotional responsiveness as leading to the development of psychopathy and encourage further theoretical development on deviant emotional processes in psychopathic individuals.
Pupil reactivity to emotional faces among convicted violent offenders: The role of psychopathic traits.
It was found that the callousness features of psychopathy were related to impaired recognition of fearful faces and the potential of the pupillary response as a technique for understanding attention-emotion interactions in psychopathy.
Brain Structural Correlates of Emotion Recognition in Psychopaths
Evidence is provided suggesting that variability in brain morphometry plays a role in accounting for psychopaths’ impaired ability to recognize emotional face expressions, and may have implications for comprehensively characterizing the empathy and social cognition dysfunctions typically observed in this population of subjects.
Triarchic psychopathy and deficits in facial affect recognition.
It is concluded that deficient emotion processing in psychopathic individuals may be specific to ambiguous affective expressions and implications for the study of psychopathy and emotion processing are discussed.
What can we learn about emotion by studying psychopathy?
  • A. Marsh
  • Psychology
    Front. Hum. Neurosci.
  • 2013
It is concluded that insights afforded by the study of psychopathy may provide better understanding of not only fundamental social phenomena like empathy and aggression, but of the basic emotional processes that motivate these behaviors.


Recognition of Emotion in Facial Expressions and Vocal Tones in Children With Psychopathic Tendencies
The authors investigated the ability of children with emotional and behavioral difficulties, divided according to their Psychopathy Screening Device scores, to recognize emotional facial expressions and vocal tones, and found that the development of psychopathic tendencies may reflect early amygdala dysfunction.
A Selective Impairment in the Processing of Sad and Fearful Expressions in Children with Psychopathic Tendencies
Children with psychopathic tendencies presented with selective impairments needed significantly more stages before they could successfully recognise the sad expressions and even when the fearful expressions were at full intensity were significantly more likely to mistake them for another expression.
Fear and Loathing in Psychopaths: a Meta-Analytic Investigation of the Facial Affect Recognition Deficit
The findings of this review offer an alternative to currently popular theories of psychopathy and suggest that future research should consider response style when investigating facial affect recognition deficits in this population.
Recognition of facial affect in psychopathic offenders.
It is concluded that the conditions that reveal affective deficits in psychopathic individuals require further specification and that any deficits in facial affect processing would disappear when participants could anticipate which affective cues would be relevant on a given trial.
Adolescents with psychopathic traits report reductions in physiological responses to fear.
Rather than being related to uniformly impoverished emotional experience, psychopathic traits appear to be associated with greater deficits in subjective experiences of fear, which supports and extends previous observations that psychopathy engenders deficits in fear learning, physiological responses to threats, and the recognition of fear in others.
Turning a deaf ear to fear: impaired recognition of vocal affect in psychopathic individuals.
The results indicated that psychopathic inmates were particularly impaired in the recognition of fearful vocal affect, and were interpreted with reference to the low-fear and violence inhibition mechanism models of psychopathy.
Vocal affect recognition and psychopathy: converging findings across traditional and cluster analytic approaches to assessing the construct.
This study demonstrates that psychopaths' vocal affect recognition deficits are not due to methodological limitations of previous studies and provides preliminary evidence that primary and secondary psychopaths exhibit generally similar deficits in vocal affect Recognition.