Not dead yet: the seasonal water relations of two perennial ferns during California's exceptional drought.

Abstract

The understory of the redwood forests of California's coast harbors perennial ferns, including Polystichum munitum and Dryopteris arguta. Unusual for ferns, these species are adapted to the characteristic Mediterranean-type dry season, but the mechanisms of tolerance have not been studied. The water relations of P. munitum and D. arguta were surveyed for… (More)
DOI: 10.1111/nph.13770

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