Not as simple as it looks: led outdoor activities are complex sociotechnical systems

@article{Carden2017NotAS,
  title={Not as simple as it looks: led outdoor activities are complex sociotechnical systems},
  author={Tony Carden and Natassia Goode and Paul M. Salmon},
  journal={Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science},
  year={2017},
  volume={18},
  pages={318 - 337}
}
ABSTRACT Recent research is providing valuable insights into safety by applying sociotechnical systems (STS) theory to led outdoor activity (LOA) work systems. The LOA domain involves provision of supervised or instructed activities such as kayaking, rock climbing and camping. Despite these successful applications, questions persist regarding the extent to which STS theory and methods are applicable, given the apparently simplistic nature of the domain. This paper seeks to evaluate the validity… 
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