Not always the best medicine: Why frequent smiling can reduce wellbeing

  title={Not always the best medicine: Why frequent smiling can reduce wellbeing},
  author={Aparna A. Labroo and Anirban Mukhopadhyay and Ping Dong},
  journal={Journal of Experimental Social Psychology},

Figures and Tables from this paper

Are Positive Interventions Always Beneficial?
It is postulate that understanding the underlying processes discovered in the science of persuasion is the key for specifying why, when, and for whom these practical initiatives are more likely to work or to backfire.
Suppress for success? Exploring the contexts in which expressing positive emotion can have social costs
ABSTRACT Researchers and lay people alike have tended to focus on social benefits of expressing positive emotion and, as a result, tend to overlook potential social costs. In this paper, we consider
Political Attitudes and the Facial Feedback Hypothesis
Current research has suggested that facial expressions may not only be the result of emotional experiences, but they may also play a role in shaping emotion itself. This idea, known as the Facial
Political Attitudes and the Facial Feedback Hypothesis
Current research has suggested that facial expressions may not only be the result of emotional experiences, but they may also play a role in shaping emotion itself. This idea, known as the Facial
Meaning Moderates the Persuasive Effect of Physical Actions: Buying, Selling, Touching, Carrying, and Cleaning Thoughts as If They Were Commercial Products
We review research showing that the meaning of physical actions matters, that meaning can vary, and that the key element of meaning to affect judgments is the perceived validity of the thoughts. This
Non-Traditional Measures of Subjective Well-Being and Their Validity: A Review
This chapter reviews a variety of methods for assessing subjective well-being beyond traditional global self-reports. The chapter examines indicators of SWB such as brain activity, smiling,
Balancing Prediction and Surprise: A Role for Active Sleep at the Dawn of Consciousness?
It is proposed that active sleep – when animals are behaviorally asleep but their brain seems awake – is widespread beyond mammals and birds, and may have evolved as a mechanism for optimizing predictive processing in motile creatures confronted with constantly changing environments.
Perceived power and smile intensity in service encounters
PurposeSmiles displayed at varying intensities by service providers may result in different social judgments by customers, affecting decision-making. This study investigates the joint effect of
Proud to Belong or Proudly Different? Lay Theories Determine Contrasting Effects of Incidental Pride on Uniqueness Seeking
This research examines how incidental pride may increase consumers' tendency to seek uniqueness, depending on how they attribute the pride-inducing experience. Specifically, people who attribute
  • 53
  • Retracted
Consumer debt and satisfaction in life.
Life's major purchases, such as buying a home or going to college, often involve taking on considerable debt. What are the downstream emotional consequences? Does carrying debt influence consumers'


The Benefits of Frequent Positive Affect: Does Happiness Lead to Success?
The results reveal that happiness is associated with and precedes numerous successful outcomes, as well as behaviors paralleling success, and the evidence suggests that positive affect may be the cause of many of the desirable characteristics, resources, and successes correlated with happiness.
Psychological Distancing: Why Happiness Helps You See the Big Picture
We propose that a positive mood, by signaling that a situation is benign, might allow people to step back and take in the big picture. As a consequence, a positive mood might increase abstract
Keep smiling: Enduring effects of facial expressions and postures on emotional experience
Self-perception theory (Bem, 1972; Laird, 1974) holds that acting as if one feels something will result in that feeling. Whereas other studies have examined effects of emotional expression on
How Emotion Shapes Behavior: Feedback, Anticipation, and Reflection, Rather Than Direct Causation
The authors develop a theory of emotion as a feedback system whose influence on behavior is typically indirect, and justify replacing the direct causation model with the feedback model to justify replacing a large body of empirical findings.
Implicit theories of emotion: affective and social outcomes across a major life transition.
Using a longitudinal and multimethod design, the authors show that implicit theories of emotion, as distinct from intelligence, are linked to both emotional and social adjustment during the transition to college.
Lay Theories of Emotion Transience and the Search for Happiness: A Fresh Perspective on Affect Regulation
Across six studies, we demonstrate that consumers have beliefs pertaining to the transience of emotion, which, along with their current feelings, determine the extent to which they regulate their
Toward a Science of Mood Regulation
Mood is distinguished from emotion, and mood regulation is distinguished from coping. A model of mood regulation is presented which draws on principles of control theory, which distinguishes between
Self-regulation of mood: strategies for changing a bad mood, raising energy, and reducing tension.
Exercise appears to be the most effective mood-regulating behavior, and the best general strategy to change a bad mood is a combination of relaxation, stress management, cognitive, and exercise techniques.
Voluntary Smiling Changes Regional Brain Activity
We used measures of regional brain electrical activity to show that not all smiles are the same. Only one form of smiling produced the physiological pattern associated with enjoyment. Our finding
Facial signs of emotional experience.
Spontaneous facial expressions were found to provide accurate information about more specific aspects of emotional experience than just the pleasant versus unpleasant distinction. Videotape records