Not all butterfly eyes are created equal: Rhodopsin absorption spectra, molecular identification, and localization of ultraviolet‐, blue‐, and green‐sensitive rhodopsin‐encoding mRNAs in the retina of Vanessa cardui

@article{Briscoe2003NotAB,
  title={Not all butterfly eyes are created equal: Rhodopsin absorption spectra, molecular identification, and localization of ultraviolet‐, blue‐, and green‐sensitive rhodopsin‐encoding mRNAs in the retina of Vanessa cardui},
  author={A. Briscoe and G. D. Bernard and Allan S Szeto and L. Nagy and R. H. White},
  journal={Journal of Comparative Neurology},
  year={2003},
  volume={458}
}
Surveys of spectral sensitivities, visual pigment spectra, and opsin gene sequences have indicated that all butterfly eyes contain ultraviolet-, blue-, and green-sensitive rhodopsins. [...] Key Method We estimated lambda-max values and relative densities of the rhodopsins in the Vanessa retina (0.72, P530; 0.12, P470; and 0.15, P360) from microspectrophotometric measurements and calculations based on a computational model of reflectance spectra. We isolated three opsin-encoding cDNA fragments that were…Expand
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