Not Learning from Failure -- The Greatest Failure of All

@article{EskreisWinkler2019NotLF,
  title={Not Learning from Failure -- The Greatest Failure of All},
  author={Lauren Eskreis-Winkler and Ayelet Fishbach},
  journal={Academy of Management Proceedings},
  year={2019}
}
We live in a society that celebrates failure. Yet across six randomized-controlled experiments (N = 847), we found that failure had the opposite effect: it undermined learning. In work and health d... 

Figures from this paper

Towards conceptualising failure in mathematics as an autobiographical experience

Studies have shown that failure experiences play a role in pre-service teachers’ development. Given that autobiographical experiences are a foundation of learning and that failure is a wide-spread ...

Science students' perspectives on how to decrease the stigma of failure

Student suggestions on how to reduce the stigma of failure within and beyond the university context, the most common theme identified across both contexts was for increased discussion and open communication about experiences of failure.

Deliberate errors promote meaningful learning.

Our civilization recognizes that errors can be valuable learning opportunities, but for decades, they have widely been avoided or, at best, allowed to occur as serendipitous accidents. The present

The derring effect: Deliberate errors enhance learning.

Evidence is found for a counterintuitive phenomenon that is neither fully attributable to a generation nor an elaboration benefit, but stems at least in part from enhanced target processing specific to having first deliberately produced incorrect responses.

When praise—versus criticism—motivates goal pursuit

Are people more motivated by praise or criticism? In this chapter, we suggest there is no universal answer to this question. Rather, the motivating power of both praise and criticism depends on how

Reflective practice in clinical psychology: Reflections from basic psychological science.

“Know thyself.” This ancient Greek maxim, inscribed on the temple of Apollo at Delphi and reiterated in various guises by Aeschylus, Socrates, and Plato, among other influential Greek scholars,

Patients' and Clinicians' Perceptions of Motivational Factors in Rehabilitation

The preferences of patients were more diverse than those of clinicians, and some motivational factors were preferred by patients over clinicians, so rehabilitation clinicians should consider individual patient preferences in addition to utilizing the core motivational factors supported by both parties.

Identifying Students' Entrepreneurian Mindset for the Bachelor of Business Administration Program, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Prince of Songkla University

University graduates today are facing uncertainty in employment due to economic recession, the COVID-[19 ]pandemic, and job replacement by artificial intelligence. Building an entrepreneurial mindset

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 60 REFERENCES

Divergent consequences of success and failure in japan and north america: an investigation of self-improving motivations and malleable selves.

Self-enhancing and self-improving motivations were investigated across cultures and revealed that self- Improving motivations are specific to the tasks on which one receives feedback.

Failing Forward

This special issue began as a personal conversation between Becky and a colleague about how they had learned to conduct research as graduate students (often from failing miserably, they laughingly

Mindsets That Promote Resilience: When Students Believe That Personal Characteristics Can Be Developed

Because challenges are ubiquitous, resilience is essential for success in school and in life. In this article we review research demonstrating the impact of students’ mindsets on their resilience in

Illusion of Control

Those acting more often to obtain the outcome developed stronger illusions, and so did their yoked counterparts, and this work proposes that this may be due to a bias in contingency detection which occurs when the probability of the action and of the potential cause is high.

The generation effect: A meta-analytic review

The size of the generation effect across the 86 studies was .40—a benefit of almost half a standard deviation of generation over reading; the variability of the effect size due to moderator type was substantial; and several theories that have been proposed to explain thegeneration effect were clarified.

Conceptions of Ability, Achievement Goals, and Individual Differences in Self‐Handicapping Behavior: On the Application of Implicit Theories

This study tested the hypothesis that individual differences in the tendency to engage in self-handicapping were related to beliefs about the mutability of ability attributes and the pursuit of

Task type as a moderator of positive/negative feedback effects on motivation and performance: A regulatory focus perspective

Applying Higgins' regulatory focus theory, we hypothesized that the effect of positive/negative feedback on motivation and performance is moderated by task type, which is argued to be an antecedent

Exploring Solomon’s Paradox: Self-Distancing Eliminates the Self-Other Asymmetry in Wise Reasoning About Close Relationships in Younger and Older Adults

It is suggested that there are no age differences in wise reasoning about personal conflicts, and that the effects of self-distancing generalize across age cohorts.

Dynamics of multiple-goal pursuit.

A model of multiple-goal pursuit specifies how individuals allocate effort among multiple goals over time and shows that positive and negative goal-related emotions can have diametrically opposing effects on goal-directed behavior, depending on the individual's proximity to goal attainment.

Asymmetrical effects of positive and negative events: the mobilization-minimization hypothesis.

It is concluded that no single theoretical mechanism can explain the mobilization-minimization pattern, but that a family of integrated process models, encompassing different classes of responses, may account for this pattern of parallel but disparately caused effects.
...