Norwegian parliamentary elections, 1906–2013: representation and turnout across four electoral systems

@article{Fiva2017NorwegianPE,
  title={Norwegian parliamentary elections, 1906–2013: representation and turnout across four electoral systems},
  author={Jon H. Fiva and Daniel M. Smith},
  journal={West European Politics},
  year={2017},
  volume={40},
  pages={1373 - 1391}
}
Abstract Since gaining full independence in 1905, Norway has experienced more than a century of democratic elections, and has reformed its electoral system three times, most notably with the switch from a two-round runoff system to proportional representation in 1919. This research note introduces a new dataset featuring all candidates running for parliamentary (Storting) elections from 1906 to 2013, and documents the patterns over time and across electoral systems in the development of the… Expand
Electoral Reform and Parliamentary Debates
Electoral rules matter for politics inside legislatures. In this paper, we investigate how parliamentary debates are affected by a change of the electoral system. More specifically, we investigate anExpand
Dynamic effects of electoral laws
ABSTRACT A change in electoral laws is expected to substantially alter political outcomes as voters and elites adjust their behavior to new rules. However, testing the causal implications of thisExpand
Electoral Reform and Strategic Coordination
Abstract Electoral reform creates new strategic coordination incentives for voters and elites, but endogeneity problems make such effects hard to identify. This article addresses this issue byExpand
Local Candidates and Distributive Politics Under Closed-List Proportional Representation
Geographic representation is an important consideration in candidate nominations, even under closed-list proportional representation (PR), and may even matter for distributive policy outcomes.Expand
Parties, Legislators, and the Origins of Proportional Representation
A prominent line of theories holds that proportional representation (PR) was introduced in many European democracies by a fragmented bloc of conservative parties seeking to preserve their legislativeExpand
The Making of Social Democracy: The Economic and Electoral Consequences of Norway’s 1936 Folk School Reform
Upon assuming power for the first time in 1935, the Norwegian Labour Party delivered on its promise for a major schooling reform. The reform raised minimum instruction time in less developed ruralExpand
Political Dynasties and the Incumbency Advantage in Party-Centered Environments
A handful of recent studies have investigated the causal effect of incumbency on dynasty formation in candidate-centered electoral contexts. We use candidate-level data and a regression discontinuityExpand
Measuring the Competitiveness of Elections
The concept of electoral competition plays a central role in many subfields of political science, but no consensus exists on how to measure it. One key challenge is how to conceptualize and measureExpand
Seniority-Based Nominations and Political Careers
This paper investigates party use of seniority systems to allocate nominations for elected and appointed offices. Such systems, which can regulate party members’ access to offices at multiple levelsExpand
Political Alignment and Bureaucratic Pay
We study the private gains to bureaucrats from their political alignment with elected politicians. Whereas existing studies generally rely on proxies for politician-bureaucrat political alignment, aExpand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 42 REFERENCES
Proportionality and Turnout
Many studies find that voter turnout is higher in proportional representation (PR) elections than in plurality elections, but because the two systems differ in multiple ways and are used in differentExpand
Candidate competition and strategic coordination: evidence from four early Norwegian elections
This article investigates strategic coordination in four elections to the Norwegian Storting (1909-18). The elections were held under a majority-plurality dual-ballot system, with unrestrictedExpand
The Norwegian Electoral System and its Political Consequences
The electoral system is an integral part of any representative democracy, and the choice of system is an important framework for individual behavior and party competition. An electoral system is aExpand
Local candidates and voter mobilization: Evidence from historical two-round elections in Norway
What effect do candidates with local ties have on voter turnout and party support? A considerable challenge within the existing literature on the personal vote, including that part which derives fromExpand
The Contraction Effect: How Proportional Representation Affects Mobilization and Turnout
A substantial body of research examines whether increasing the proportionality of an electoral system increases turnout, mostly based on cross-national comparisons. In this study, we offer two mainExpand
The Madisonian Turn : Political Parties and Parliamentary Democracy in Nordic Europe
This volume examines these claims and their implications. The authors find that the Nordic states have moved away from their previous resemblance to a Westminster model toward a form of parliamentaryExpand
Citizens, Elections, Parties: Approaches to the Comparative Study of the Processes of Development
Introduction to ECPR Edition x Preface 5 I. Nation-building, citizenship and political mobilization: approaches and models. 11 1. The Comparative Study of Political Participation 13 2. Methods andExpand
Political Dynasties and the Incumbency Advantage in Party-Centered Environments
A handful of recent studies have investigated the causal effect of incumbency on dynasty formation in candidate-centered electoral contexts. We use candidate-level data and a regression discontinuityExpand
Do Electoral Laws Affect Women’s Representation?
Numerous studies have found that proportional electoral rules significantly increase women’s representation in national parliaments relative to majoritarian and mixed rules. These studies, however,Expand
Mechanical and Psychological Effects of Electoral Reform
Duverger (1954) noted that changes in electoral systems will have two types of effects: mechanical effects, and reactions of political agents in anticipation of these, which he referred to asExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...