North Korea’s Shadow Economy: A Force for Authoritarian Resilience or Corrosion?

@article{Dukalskis2016NorthKS,
  title={North Korea’s Shadow Economy: A Force for Authoritarian Resilience or Corrosion?},
  author={Alexander Dukalskis},
  journal={Europe-Asia Studies},
  year={2016},
  volume={68},
  pages={487 - 507}
}
Abstract An unofficial or ‘shadow’ economy like that in contemporary North Korea generates countervailing pressures for a socialist regime. It can buttress the regime by facilitating the cynical use of anti-market laws, alleviating shortages, helping the official economy to function, and creating vested interests in the status quo. On the other hand, the shadow economy can corrode the regime’s power by diminishing its control over society, encouraging scepticism about collective ideologies, and… 
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