Norovirus gastroenteritis

  title={Norovirus gastroenteritis},
  author={R. Goodgame},
  journal={Current Gastroenterology Reports},
  • R. Goodgame
  • Published 2006
  • Medicine
  • Current Gastroenterology Reports
Recent epidemiologic studies have shown that norovirus is one of the most frequent causes of acute nonbacterial gastroenteritis. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and nucleotide sequencing are the means by which the hundreds of norovirus strains have been identified, named, and classified into genogroups and genetic clusters. They are also the means by which a particular strain is traced from the source of an outbreak throughout its spread. These molecular techniques have been… Expand
Detection of caliciviruses associated with acute infantile gastroenteritis in Salvador, an urban center in Northeast Brazil.
  • M. Xavier, S. A. Oliveira, +7 authors J. Leite
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas medicas e biologicas
  • 2009
The present findings demonstrate the wide diversity of genotypes of the most important viruses responsible for acute gastroenteritis circulating in low-income communities. Expand
Norovirus outbreak in a cruise ship along the Brazilian coast, March 2011
Outbreaks of gastrointestinal disease may occur on board of cruise ships due to the consumption of contaminated water or food, with a fast person-to-person transmission. Epidemiologic investigationsExpand
Evaluation of 4 immunochromatographic tests for rapid detection of norovirus in faecal samples.
  • K. Ambert-Balay, P. Pothier
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Journal of clinical virology : the official publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
  • 2013
Knowing that most gastroenteritis cases are due to GII.4, the immunochromatographic tests may be useful for preliminary screening, notably in outbreaks, however, negative samples need to be tested using RT-PCR methods. Expand
águas residuais: comparação de métodos de concentração e de detecção Detection of enteric virus in human faeces and residual waters: comparison of concentration methods and detection methods
Wastewater-borne pathogenic microorganisms that are released into the environmental waters affect water quality, and consequently human health. Viral gastroenteritis is one of the most common humanExpand
Food Poisoning and Diarrhea: Small Intestine Effects
  • J. Cangemi
  • Medicine
  • Current gastroenterology reports
  • 2011
Mechanisms of infection include consumption of a preformed toxin, formation of toxin following ingestion, and direct invasion of intestinal epithelial cells by the infecting organism. Expand
Incidence of Rotavirus and Adenovirus: detection by molecular and immunological methods in human faeces
The authors would like to thank University of Aveiro and Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies (CESAM, project Pest-C/MAR/LA0017/2011) for funding the study and to Dr. Albert Bosch from Barcelona University for the donation of Rotavirus and Adenovirus suspension. Expand
A tracing tool portfolio to detect Bacillus anthracis, Clostridium botulinum and Noroviruses: bioterrorism is a food safety and security issue.
  • R. Knutsson
  • Biology, Medicine
  • International journal of food microbiology
  • 2011
The overall objective of BIOTRACER is to improve the tracing of accidental and deliberate microbial contamination of feed and food. A complete chain approach is proposed and one main area addressesExpand
The virucidal properties of silver ion-exchange resins and metal-based nanoparticles and their potential use in water purification
Contamination of water with various disease causing agents such as bacteria and viruses leads to 4 billion cases of diarrheal disease and 1.8 million deaths per year worldwide. The World HealthExpand
Sampling of elementary school playground equipment for total coliforms and E. coli
Background and Purpose: Outbreaks of enteric diseases in schools and daycares are common. It is possible that these outbreaks could be propagated via fomites in school settings, such as playgroundExpand
Food handling, hygiene, and sanitation practices in the child-care environment in North Carolina and South Carolina
This review examines the role of Etiological Agents Causing Gastrointestinal Illness Outbreaks in Child-Care Settings and best practices for Prevention and Control Pathogen Transmission in child-Care settings in terms of prevention and control. Expand