Norms, Institutions, and National Identity in Contemporary Europe

@article{Checkel1999NormsIA,
  title={Norms, Institutions, and National Identity in Contemporary Europe},
  author={Jeffrey T. Checkel},
  journal={International Studies Quarterly},
  year={1999},
  volume={43},
  pages={83-114}
}
The constructivist study of norms faces two central challenges—reintegrating agency into its largely structural accounts and unpacking its arguments at the national level. This article addresses these issues, and does so in four parts. First, I briefly review the burgeoning constructivist literature, exploring the ontological and theoretical reasons for its neglect of agency. Second, by adding social content to the concept of diffusion, the transmission mechanism linking international norms to… 
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