Normocaloric versus hypocaloric feeding on the outcomes of ICU patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis

@article{Marik2015NormocaloricVH,
  title={Normocaloric versus hypocaloric feeding on the outcomes of ICU patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis},
  author={Paul Ellis Marik and Michael H. Hooper},
  journal={Intensive Care Medicine},
  year={2015},
  volume={42},
  pages={316-323}
}
IntroductionCurrent clinical practice guidelines recommend providing ICU patients a daily caloric intake estimated to match 80–100 % of energy expenditure (normocaloric goals). However, recent clinical trials of intentional hypocaloric feeding question this approach.MethodsWe performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the outcomes of ICU patients randomized to intentional hypocaloric or normocaloric goals. We included randomized controlled trials that enrolled ICU patients and… 
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Comments on Marik and Hooper: Normocaloric versus hypocaloric feeding on the outcomes of ICU patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis
TLDR
Although protein intake in critically ill patients is still a challenging topic, the above amount is, according to available data, considered insufficient and is probably strongly related to the findings.
Prescribed hypocaloric nutrition support for critically-ill adults.
TLDR
The quality of the evidence for the effects of prescribed hypocaloric nutrition support in comparison with standard nutrition support for critically-ill adults was very low due to unclear or high risk of bias, inconsistency and imprecision.
Implementation of an Aggressive Enteral Nutrition Protocol and the Effect on Clinical Outcomes
  • D. Yeh, C. Cropano, G. Velmahos
  • Medicine
    Nutrition in clinical practice : official publication of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
  • 2017
TLDR
In surgical ICU patients, implementation of an aggressive EN protocol resulted in greater macronutrient delivery and fewer late infections.
Is Energy Delivery Guided by Indirect Calorimetry Associated With Improved Clinical Outcomes in Critically Ill Patients? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
TLDR
Limited data exist to assess the impact of using IC to inform energy delivery in comparison to predictive equations on hospital mortality, and the association of IC use with other important outcomes, including duration of MV, needs to be further explored before definitive conclusions can be made.
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