Norming of the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia across pain diagnoses and various countries.

@article{Roelofs2011NormingOT,
  title={Norming of the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia across pain diagnoses and various countries.},
  author={Jeffrey Roelofs and Gerard van Breukelen and Judith K. Sluiter and Monique H. W. Frings-Dresen and Mari{\"e}lle E. J. B. Goossens and Pascal Thibault and Katja Boersma and Johan W. S. Vlaeyen},
  journal={Pain},
  year={2011},
  volume={152 5},
  pages={1090-5}
}
The present study aimed to develop norms for the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK), a frequently used measure of fear of movement/(re)injury. Norms were assessed for the TSK total score as well as for scores on the previously proposed TSK activity avoidance and TSK somatic focus scales. Data from Dutch, Canadian, and Swedish pain samples were used (N=3082). Norms were established using multiple regression to obtain more valid and reliable norms than can be obtained by subgroup analyses based… CONTINUE READING

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More specifically , chronic low back pain displayed the highest scores on the TSK scores followed by upper extremity disorder , fibromyalgia , and osteoarthritis .
More specifically , chronic low back pain displayed the highest scores on the TSK scores followed by upper extremity disorder , fibromyalgia , and osteoarthritis .
More specifically , chronic low back pain displayed the highest scores on the TSK scores followed by upper extremity disorder , fibromyalgia , and osteoarthritis .
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