Normative and structural causes of democratic peace, 1946-1986

  title={Normative and structural causes of democratic peace, 1946-1986},
  author={Z. Maoz and B. Russett},
  journal={American Political Science Review},
Democratic states are in general about as conflict- and war-prone as nondemocracies, but democracies have rarely clashed with one another in violent conflict. We first show that democracy, as well as other factors, accounts for the relative lack of conflict. Then we examine two explanatory models. The normative model suggests that democracies do not fight each other because norms of compromise and cooperation prevent their conflicts of interest from escalating into violent clashes. The… Expand