Normal values for noninvasive estimation of left ventricular contractile state and afterload in children.

@article{Franklin1990NormalVF,
  title={Normal values for noninvasive estimation of left ventricular contractile state and afterload in children.},
  author={Rodney C. G. Franklin and Richard K. H. Wyse and Thomas P. Graham and V M Gooch and John Eric Deanfield},
  journal={The American journal of cardiology},
  year={1990},
  volume={65 7},
  pages={505-10}
}
The outcome and suitability for therapeutic interventions in children with congenital heart disease depend frequently on left ventricular function. Congenital heart disease is characterized by changes in loading conditions, making it difficult to assess ventricular contractility using conventional load-dependent indexes. Two-dimensional and M-mode echocardiography and arterial blood pressure were used to study left ventricular morphometrics and contractility in 44 normal children, aged 2 to 12… CONTINUE READING
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