Normal ocular parameters and characterization of ophthalmic lesions in a group of captive bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus).

@article{Kuhn2013NormalOP,
  title={Normal ocular parameters and characterization of ophthalmic lesions in a group of captive bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus).},
  author={Sonia E. Kuhn and Michael P. Jones and Diane V. H. Hendrix and Daniel A. Ward and Katherine H Baine},
  journal={Journal of avian medicine and surgery},
  year={2013},
  volume={27 2},
  pages={
          90-8
        }
}
Sixteen adult captive bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) underwent a complete bilateral ocular examination to assess normal ocular parameters and describe ophthalmic lesions. Tear production was measured with the Schirmer tear test 1 and intraocular pressure was measured with applanation tonometry. The menace response was normal bilaterally in 13 of 16 eagles. Two birds had normal menace responses despite having fundic lesions, and 2 birds with an inconsistent or absent menace response did… CONTINUE READING

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