Normal equine ocular anatomy and eye examination.

  • Patrick Cooley
  • Published 1992 in
    The Veterinary clinics of North America. Equine…


When compared with small domestic animals, the horse has unique ocular characteristics (complete bony orbit, well-developed eyelid muscles, a nasal and temporal gray limbal line, granulae iridica, paurangiotic fundus). Knowledge of normal equine ocular anatomy is essential for ocular lesion interpretation. It is important to obtain a full history and… (More)


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