Normal Organ Weights in Women: Part II—The Brain, Lungs, Liver, Spleen, and Kidneys

  title={Normal Organ Weights in Women: Part II—The Brain, Lungs, Liver, Spleen, and Kidneys},
  author={D. Kimberley Molina and Vincent J M Dimaio},
  journal={The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology},
  • D. Molina, V. Dimaio
  • Published 1 September 2015
  • Medicine
  • The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
Abstract Organomegaly can be a sign of disease and pathology, although standard tables defining organomegaly have yet to be established and universally accepted. This study was designed to address the issue and to determine a normal weight for the major organs in adult human females. A prospective study was undertaken of healthy females who had sudden, traumatic deaths at age 18 to 35 years. Cases were excluded if there was a history of medical illness including illicit drug use, prolonged… 
Establishment of Reference Ranges for Normal Organ Weights in Malaysian Adults at Autopsy.
Organ weights are routinely measured during autopsies as a crude screening tool to detect possible organ pathology. In several centers, inclusion of major organ weights indicates whether an autopsy
Postmortem Organ Weights at a South African Mortuary
The generation of postmortem organ weight reference ranges for use in South African mortuaries, analysis of factors influencing organ weights, and comparison to international populations are analyzed.
Organ Weight Reference Ranges for Ages 0 to 12 Years.
Assessment of organ weights in children to establish reference ranges for use in autopsy examinations revealed that body length was the best predictor for organ weight.
Post-Mortem Organ Weights at a Medico-Legal State Facility in the eThekwini Region
Post-mortem organ weights of the present study are comparably higher than those reported in the Northern hemisphere, and may lead to erroneous references ranges and possibly hinder interpretation during autopsy settings.
Increased Lung Weights in Drug‐related Fatalities
This retrospective study compared data from 133 deaths resulting from the toxic effects of drugs with previously reported normal lung weights, and is 98.75% confident that the mean right lung weight for female drug‐related deaths is between 227 and 377 g greater than the meanright lungWeight for female non‐drug‐related Deaths.
The utility of lung weight to heart weight ratio as a means to identify suspected drug intoxication deaths in a medico‐legal autopsy population
The association between fatal intoxication and increased lung weight was positive, regardless of method and cutoffs used, and while the PPV was poor, the NPV could reduce suspicion of fatal intoxication in the absence of other information.
Autopsy Findings and Venous Thromboembolism in Patients With COVID-19
The high incidence of thromboembolic events suggests an important role of COVID-19–induced coagulopathy, as well as possible therapeutic interventions to reduce it, in patients dying with a polymerase chain reaction–confirmed diagnosis of CO VID-19.
The Potential Diagnostic Accuracy of Autopsy Lung Weights, Lung-Heart Ratio, and Lung-Body Ratio in Drowning Deaths
The overall diagnostic accuracies of lung weight, lung-heart ratio (LH), and lung-body ratio (LB) were poor to fair, and should be used only in conjunction with the other diagnostic criteria.


Normal Organ Weights in Men: Part II—The Brain, Lungs, Liver, Spleen, and Kidneys
Regression analysis showed that there were insufficient associations between organ weight and body length, body weight, and body mass index to allow for predictability, and the authors propose establishing a reference range for organ weights in men much like those in use for other laboratory tests including hemoglobin, hematocrit, or glucose.
Weights of brain, heart, liver, kidneys, and spleen in healthy and apparently healthy adult Danish subjects
Based on a forensic material of 1,598 autopsies of Danish adults who prior to death were healthy or apparently healthy based on clinical evidence, the weights of brain, heart, liver, kidneys, and spleen were registered and interesting differences between the sexes were observed.
Normal lung weights in Jamaicans.
  • W. Whimster
  • Medicine
    The American review of respiratory disease
  • 1971
It was concluded that lung weight was more closely related to stature than to sex or to race or, probably, to race.
Organ weight in 684 adult autopsies: new tables for a Caucasoid population.
Normal lung weights in a white population.
There was a significant correlation between normal total lung weight and both height and weight in both Jamaican and white women, but it was not possible to exclude emphysematic lungs from the apparently normal lungs by taking right ventricular wall thickness into account.
A statistical analysis of the internal organ weights of normal Japanese people.
It was concluded that organ weights in the growing generation (under 19 y) generally increased with a coefficient expressed as (body height x body weight0.5).
Relationship between liver size and body size.
A series of 550 cases from 5,000 autopsy protocols of the Department of Pathology of The Johns Hopkins Hospital, plus 75 nonhospitalized autopsied cases from the files of the Medical Examiner's Office of the State of Maryland were selected to relate liver size to body size.
The weight of the normal spleen.
Renal weights in the southern African black population.
Renal weights of 430 adult black subjects coming to medicolegal autopsy at the Diepkloof State Mortuary, a large urban area southwest of Johannesburg, South Africa, were analyzed to ascertain the anatomical "norm" as it pertains to renal weights in this diverse population group.
The influence of age, sex, race, and body habitus on kidney weight in humans.