Normal Form for Grid-Forming Power Grid Actors

  title={Normal Form for Grid-Forming Power Grid Actors},
  author={Raphael Kogler and Anton Plietzsch and Paul Schultz and Frank Hellmann},
  journal={PRX Energy},
Future power grids will be operating a large number of heterogeneous dynamical actors. Many of these will contribute to the fundamental dynamical stability of the system, and play a central role in establishing the self-organized synchronous state that underlies energy transport through the grid. By taking a complexity theoretic perspective we derive a normal form for grid forming components in power grids. This allows analyzing the grids systemic properties in a technology neutral manner… 
1 Citations

Figures from this paper

Supermodal Decomposition of the Linear Swing Equation for Multilayer Networks
We study the swing equation in the case of a multilayer network in which generators and motors are modeled differently; namely, the model for each generator is given by second order dynamics and the


Self-organized synchronization and voltage stability in networks of synchronous machines
This work investigates power system stability from the viewpoint of self-organized synchronization aspects, and supplements the classical Kuramoto-like network model with dynamical voltage equations to obtain an extended model that incorporates the coupled categories voltage stability and rotor angle synchronization.
The footprint of atmospheric turbulence in power grid frequency measurements
Fluctuating wind energy makes a stable grid operation challenging. Due to the direct contact with atmospheric turbulence, intermittent short-term variations in the wind speed are converted to power
Short term fluctuations of wind and solar power systems
Wind and solar power are known to be highly influenced by weather events and may ramp up or down abruptly. Such events in the power production influence not only the availability of energy, but also
Data-Driven Load Profiles and the Dynamics of Residential Electric PowerConsumption
The dynamics of power consumption constitutes an essential building block for planning and operating energy systems based on renewable energy supply. Whereas variations in the dynamics of renewable
Design and implementation of a droop control in d-q frame for islanded microgrids
The droop control method is usually selected when several distributed generators (DGs) are connected in parallel forming an islanded microgrid. This is because of the advantages it offers such as
Transdisciplinary electric power grid science
When a tenth of humanity lost power over 2 days in India in July 2012, technical failure was not the only culprit, including extreme weather exacerbated by climate change, human operator errors, suboptimal policies, and market forces.