Norm Enforcement : Anger , Indignation or Reciprocity ?

  title={Norm Enforcement : Anger , Indignation or Reciprocity ?},
  author={Jeffrey Paul Carpenter and Peter Hans Matthews},
The enforcement of social norms often requires that unaffected third parties sanction offenders. Given the renewed interest of economists in norms, the literature on third party punishment is surprisingly thin. In this paper, we report the results of an experiment designed to replicate the anger-based punishment of directly affected second parties and evaluate two distinct explanations for third party punishment, indignation and group reciprocity. We find evidence in favor of both, with the… CONTINUE READING
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