Nordic rattle: the hoarse vocalization and the inflatable laryngeal air sac of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus).

@article{Frey2007NordicRT,
  title={Nordic rattle: the hoarse vocalization and the inflatable laryngeal air sac of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus).},
  author={Roland Frey and Alban Gebler and Guido Fritsch and Kaarlo Nygr{\'e}n and Gerald E. Weissengruber},
  journal={Journal of anatomy},
  year={2007},
  volume={210 2},
  pages={131-59}
}
Laryngeal air sacs have evolved convergently in diverse mammalian lineages including insectivores, bats, rodents, pinnipeds, ungulates and primates, but their precise function has remained elusive. Among cervids, the vocal tract of reindeer has evolved an unpaired inflatable ventrorostral laryngeal air sac. This air sac is not present at birth but emerges during ontogenetic development. It protrudes from the laryngeal vestibulum via a short duct between the epiglottis and the thyroid cartilage… CONTINUE READING

Citations

Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 15 extracted citations

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…