A role for the Wnt3a/β-catenin signaling pathway in the myogenic program of C2C12 cells
- S. Thomas Abraham
- In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology…
1. The effects of noradrenaline upon polyphosphoinositide (PPI) breakdown was investigated by measuring the accumulation of inositol phosphates (IPs) in tail arteries from normo- (WKY) and spontaneously-hypertensive (SHR) rats. 2. Noradrenaline (10(-7)-10(-3) M) evoked a concentration-dependent increase in total IP accumulation in both WKY and SHR rats but no significant differences between the populations were detected. 3. In contrast, significant differences in the accumulation of the individual IPs, which contributed to the total IP, occurred. A significantly greater noradrenaline-stimulated accumulation of inositol trisphosphate (IP3) was observed in tissues from SHR compared with those from WKY rats at each effective concentration of noradrenaline. This was paralleled by an equivalent reduction in inositol monophosphate (IP1) accumulation, consistent with the lack of a significant difference in noradrenaline-stimulated total IP accumulation between the two populations. 4. In time course studies, an enhanced noradrenaline-induced accumulation of IP3, in SHR compared to WKY rats, occurred from the earliest time point studied after the addition of the catecholamine both in the presence and absence of LiCL (10 mM). In the presence of LiCl (10 mM) no significant difference in noradrenaline-evoked total IP accumulation between SHR and WKY rats was observed; in the absence of LiCl noradrenaline-evoked a greater total IP accumulation in SHR than in WKY rats at all time points investigated. 5. These studies suggest that the main reason for the enhanced noradrenaline-induced accumulation of IP3 in arteries from SHR rats is a reduced rate of dephosphorylation of both IP3 and inositol bisphosphate (IP2) rather than a greater formation of IP3 from PPIs.6. This enhanced accumulation of IP3 may result in an increased calcium mobilisation accounting for the increased contractility to noradrenaline of tail arteries from SHR as compared with those from WKY rats.