Nonthermal escape of the atmospheres of Venus, Earth, and Mars

  title={Nonthermal escape of the atmospheres of Venus, Earth, and Mars},
  author={Bernie D. Shizgal and G. G. Arkos},
  journal={Reviews of Geophysics},
Atmospheric loss from planetary atmo- spheres is an important geophysical problem with impli- cations for planetary evolution. This is a multidisci- plinary research field that requires an expertise in a wide range of subjects including statistical mechanics, fluid mechanics, plasma physics, collision theory, and surface science. This paper is a review of the current state of our understanding of atmospheric loss from the terrestrial planets. A detailed discussion is provided of the basic… 

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