Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Nonhealthcare Settings—Personal Protective and Environmental Measures

  title={Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Nonhealthcare Settings—Personal Protective and Environmental Measures},
  author={Jingyi Xiao and Eunice Y. C. Shiu and Huizhi Gao and Jessica Y T Wong and Min Whui Fong and Sukhyun Ryu and Benjamin John Cowling},
  journal={Emerging Infectious Diseases},
  pages={967 - 975}
There were 3 influenza pandemics in the 20th century, and there has been 1 so far in the 21st century. Local, national, and international health authorities regularly update their plans for mitigating the next influenza pandemic in light of the latest available evidence on the effectiveness of various control measures in reducing transmission. Here, we review the evidence base on the effectiveness of nonpharmaceutical personal protective measures and environmental hygiene measures in… 

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