A detection system is considered that analyzes the spectrum of the time-series output from a sensing element. The spectral data consist of a matrix of estimates of the energy in many small time-frequency cells. A decision procedure is formulated that is based on the multiple use of a two-sample statistic operating on the columns of the matrix. If the input noise is Gaussian with unknown power, the asymptotically optimum statistic t is a ratio of two sample means. Since in certain applications… CONTINUE READING