Nonnutritive sucking during gavage feeding enhances growth and maturation in premature infants.

@article{Bernbaum1983NonnutritiveSD,
  title={Nonnutritive sucking during gavage feeding enhances growth and maturation in premature infants.},
  author={JudyC. Bernbaum and Gilberto R. Pereira and John Bernard Watkins and George J. Peckham},
  journal={Pediatrics},
  year={1983},
  volume={71 1},
  pages={
          41-5
        }
}
The effects of nonnutritive sucking (NNS) by means of a pacifier during gavage feeding were studied in 30 premature infants whose birth weight was less than 1,500 g. The addition of NNS accelerated the maturation of the sucking reflex, facilitating a more rapid transition from gavage to oral feedings. Additionally, NNS decreased intestinal transit time and caused a more rapid weight gain despite comparable caloric intake resulting in a shortened hospital stay. Although the physiologic… CONTINUE READING

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