Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

  title={Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer},
  author={Jun Hyuk Hong and Isaac Yi Kim},
  booktitle={Korean journal of urology},
After the introduction of prostate cancer screening with the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, we have witnessed a dramatic stage migration. As a result, an increasing number of patients are diagnosed at earlier stages and receive local treatments including surgery or radiation. When these local treatments fail by the definition of increasing PSA levels, patients are usually treated with androgen-deprivation therapy. A fraction of these patients will finally reach a state of castration… CONTINUE READING
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