Nonlinear quantum optics mediated by Rydberg interactions

@inproceedings{Firstenberg2016NonlinearQO,
  title={Nonlinear quantum optics mediated by Rydberg interactions},
  author={Ofer Firstenberg and C S Adams and S. Hofferberth},
  year={2016}
}
By mapping the strong interaction between Rydberg excitations in ultra-cold atomic ensembles onto single photons via electromagnetically induced transparency, it is now possible to realize a medium which exhibits a strong optical nonlinearity at the level of individual photons. We review the theoretical concepts and the experimental state-of-the-art of this exciting new field, and discuss first applications in the field of all-optical quantum information processing. 
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